Kurtus indicus   Bloch,   1786 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Size: 12-12.6 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens yellowish or brownish. A black blotch at occiput, in males at the base of the occipital hooks. Upper part of head and vertical fins more or less powdered with black chromatophores.

Height 2.3-2.7, 3.1-3.3 in length with caudal. Head 3.5-3.6, 4.3-4.8 in length with caudal. Eye 4.2-5.3, 1-1.7 in snout and 1-1.2 in convex inter orbital space. Mouth very oblique. Maxillary reaching to below hind border of eye. Lower jaw with a slightly prominent symphysial knob. Villi form teeth in both jaws, those anteriorly longer and more or less needle like. Minute conical teeth on head of vomer and on palatines. Preopercle with four spines near its angle, increasing in length posteriorly. Operculum very thin, paper like. Origin of dorsal slightly behind that anal, the rudimentary spines not counted. Second developed dorsal spine about equal to snout and half eye. first ray equal to head without snout. Following rays decreasing in length posteriorly, the last one slightly more than snout. Second anal spine about as long as second dorsal spine. Median anal rays longest, about equal to post orbital part of head and half diameter of eye. A strong spine backward between the ventral, which are equal to eye and snout. Pectorals as long as head. Caudal deeply forked, the lobes pointed.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Kurtus blochianus Lacepede, 1800
Kurtus blochii Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1833
Cyrtus indicus Cantor, 1850
Kurtus indicus Bleeker, 1852
Kurtus indicus Gunther, 1860
Cyrtus indicus Kner, 1867
Kurtus indicus Day, 1876
Kurtus indicus Volz, 1903
Kurtus indicus Hardenberg, 1936
Kurtus indicus Fowler, 1936

Common Name (s)
• Nursery Fish (English)
• Indian Humphead (English)
• Kakasi (Telugu)
• Somdrum Karamooddee (Telugu)
• Oordah (Tamil)
• Valliaul Cutchul (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted)

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic


• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• West Bengal, Kiagoria (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• West Bengal, Digha Ghole (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• West Bengal, Digha Mohana (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds) (1991) Animal resources of India (Protozoa to Mammalia) ZSI 1-694 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF and Chapman, WM (1951) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 9 484 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Manna, B and Goswami, BCB (1985) A check-list of marine and estuarine fishes of Digha, West Bengal, India Mahasagar- Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography NIO, Goa 18(4) 489-499 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/Mahasagar/Mahasagar_V-18/Mahasagar_18%284%29_489.pdf
  • Ammini, PL; Khambadkar, LL and Augustine, SK (2008) A brief report on the marine fisheries of Puri, Orissa Marine Fisheries Information Service Technical and Extension Series CMFRI 195 6-10 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3454/1/3.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-06

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