Kuhlia mugil   (Schneider,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 40.0 cm SL

Weight: 45 gm

Color: Body bluish above, silvery on sides and belly. The front of the snout is silvery with a blackish chin. Caudal fin is white with a median dark stripe and two broad oblique black bands across each lobe, the lobe tips are white. There is a dusky band in outer part of soft portion of dorsal fin except for white tip of high anterior part.

Fusiform shaped body. Depth of body about 2.7 times in standard length. Interorbital width about equal to eye diameter. Mouth moderate, with fine teeth in jaws and on palate. Gillrakers 23 to 25 on first arch. Dorsal fin deeply notched, with 10 spines and 10 or 11 soft rays. Anal fin with 3 spines and 10 to 13 soft rays. Caudal fin deeply forked.

Sexual reproduction, oviparous, external fertilization.

Synonym (s)
Dules argenteus (Bennett, 1830)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Dules bennetti Bleeker, 1853
(Junior synonym)
Dules taeniurus Cuvier, 1829
(Junior synonym)
Dules taeniurus malpeloensis Fowler, 1944
(Junior synonym)
Kuhlia arge Jordan & Bollman, 1890
(Junior synonym)
Kuhlia mugil (Forster, 1801)
(Senior synonym)
Kuhlia sterneckii Steindachner, 1898
(Junior synonym)
Kuhlia taeniura (Cuvier, 1829)
(Junior synonym)
Sciaena mugil Forster, 1801
(Senior synonym)
Perca argentea Bennett, 1830
(Ambiguous synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Flagtail (English)
• Barred Flagtail (English)
• Fiveband Flagtail (English)
• Mullan (Malayalam)
• Kattaphuli
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, utilized fresh or dried salted, aquarium)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Crustaceans, fishes


• Lakshadweep (Lat: 11) (Long: 72.5) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds) (1991) Animal resources of India (Protozoa to Mammalia) ZSI 1-694 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Lamberth, SJ; Clark, BM and Bennet, BA (1995) Seasonality of beach seine catches in False Bay, South Africa and implications for management South African Journal of Marine Science 15 157 - 167 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/ index/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Kuo, RS and Shao, KT (1999) Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan Zoological Studies 38(4) 391-404 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Kemp, JM (1998) Zoogeography of the coral reef fishes of the Socotra Archipelago Journal of Biogeography 25 919-933
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-17

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