Calappa philargius   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Calappidae

Image copyrights: Teresa Zubi

Description
Posterior border armed with 3 prominent spines, one in middle and one on either side; upper orbital margins marked by an incomplete loop of chocolate red.
The extreme length of the carapace is two-thirds the extreme breadth. There is a large tooth in the middle of the posterior border, and the tooth bounding that border on either side is more salient. The endostomial septum, instead of being deeply excised anteriorly, has its anteriorly,has its anterior border strongly convex and projecting.
In the young specimens, the teeth of the posterior and postero-lateral borders are more prominent and less oblique. The carapace is traversed fore and aft by 7 or 8 rows of sharp tubercles.


Synonym (s)
Cancer inconspectus Herbst, 1794
Calappa cristata Fabricius, 1798
Cancer philargius Linnaeus, 1758

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• West Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)
• Karnataka, Mangalore INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Becker, K and Wahl, M (1996) Behaviour patterns as natural antifouling mechanisms of tropical marine crabs Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 203(2) 245-258 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Jeyabaskaran, R; Wafar, S and Wafar, M (2002) CD on Brachyuran Crabs of West Coast, India Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/brachyuran/index.html
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Sankarankutty, C (1966) On Decapoda Brachyura from the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay Proceedings of the Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part I 347-362 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2394/1/Article_32.pdf
  • Starfish Available at - http://www.starfish.ch/
  • Deb, M and Rao, GC (1993) A check-list of the brachyuran crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda)of Bay islands Journal Of The Andaman Science Association Andaman Science association, Port Blair 8(1-2) 25-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dineshbabu, AP; Durgekar, RN and Zacharia, PU (2011) Estuarine and marine decapods of Karnataka inventory Fishing Chimes Mr.J.V.H. Dixitulu 30 (10-11) 20-24 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7950/1/Dineshbabu-Fishing_Chimes_30(10%2611).pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Sankarankutty, C (1962) On decapoda brachyura from the Andaman and Nicobar islands 3. Families: Calappidae. Leucosiidae, Parthenopidae, Maiidae, and Gecarcinidae Journal of the marine biological association of India. The marine biological association of India 4(1) 151-164 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi NC (2007) Brachyuran diversity in coastal ecosystems of Tamil Nadu Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 4(2) 169-192 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-09-29

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