Calappa hepatica   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Calappidae

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Description
Length of carapace rather more than half of its extreme width; clypeiform expansions with broad teeth. Carapace covered with rounded tubercles on the anterior two thirds.
In the anterior two-thirds of the carapace surface is tuberculate and granular, the posterior third is marked with squamiform tubercles and beaded ridges. The antero-lateral borders are coarsely dentate or serrate. Clypeiform expansions greatly developed, their breadth being equal to their length; their anterior border shows the points of four teeth. Posterior border of the carapace beaded, unarmed. Outer parts of the pterygostomain regions densely hairy. Front emarginate, not projecting beyond the level of the orbits. Transverse wing like expansion of the distal end of the arm with its edge four lobed. Outer surface of palm and upper surface of wrist numerous sharp tubercles. Anterior end of arm with some sharp granules, crest of palm crenulate, not sharply dentate.
In the very young, the extreme length of the carapace is not much less than three fourths of the extreme breadth.


Synonym (s)
Calappa spinosissima H. Milne Edwards, 1837
Calappa tuberculosa Guerin, 1829
Cancer hepatica Linnaeus, 1758
Cancer tuberculatus Herbst, 1785
Calappe sandwichien Eydoux & Souleyet, 1842

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Minicoy (Lat: 8.12) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary (Lat: 15.28) (Long: 73.52) INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Hare Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep Islands (Lat: 11.68) (Long: 73.68) INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep Islands (Lat: 8.28) (Long: 72.16) INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala, Kollam, Neendakara INDIA (Record: 05/2005-04/2006)
• Kerala, Ernakulam, Murambam INDIA (Record: 05/2005-04/2006)
• Kerala, Kozhikode, Puthiyappa (Lat: 11.5) (Long: 76) INDIA (Record: 05/2005-04/2006)
• Kerala, Malappurram, Ponnani INDIA (Record: 05/2005-04/2006)
• Kerala, Kannur, Azhikkal INDIA (Record: 05/2005-04/2006)

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Alcock, A (1968) Materials for a carcinological fauna of India the Brachyura Oxyrhyncha The Baptist Mission Press 1 1-456 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Sankarankutty, C (1961) On some crabs (Decapoda, Brachyura) from the Laccadive Archipelago Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 3(1-2) 120-136 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Parulekar, AH; Dhargalkar, VK and Singbal, SYS (1980) Benthic studies in Goa estuaries: Part III- Annual cycle of macrofaunal distribution, production and trophic relations Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 9 189-200 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Jeyabaskaran, R; Wafar, S and Wafar, M (2002) CD on Brachyuran Crabs of West Coast, India Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/brachyuran/index.html
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Deep sea images: Natural history image library Available at - http://www.deepseaimages.com/dsilibrary/index.php
  • Sankarankutty, C (1966) On Decapoda Brachyura from the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay Proceedings of the Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part I 347-362 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2394/1/Article_32.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2005) Brachyuran diversity of coral reef ecosystems in India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 220-231 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Deb, M and Rao, GC (1993) A check-list of the brachyuran crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda)of Bay islands Journal Of The Andaman Science Association Andaman Science association, Port Blair 8(1-2) 25-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GS; Suseelan, C and Kathirvel, M (1989) Crustacean resources of the Lakshadweep islands Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 72-76 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Sankarankutty, C (1962) On decapoda brachyura from the Andaman and Nicobar islands 3. Families: Calappidae. Leucosiidae, Parthenopidae, Maiidae, and Gecarcinidae Journal of the marine biological association of India. The marine biological association of India 4(1) 151-164 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi NC (2007) Brachyuran diversity in coastal ecosystems of Tamil Nadu Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 4(2) 169-192 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Kumar, AB; Kumar, MS; Raffi, SM and Khan, SA (2007) Diversity of brachyuran crabs associated with trawl by-catch in Kerala coast, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries For the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Kochi, India 54(3) 283-290 Available at - http://epubs.icar.org.in/ejournal/index.php/IJF/article/download/6942/2675

Page last updated on:2012-03-05

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