Ilisha megaloptera   (Swainson,  1839) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Clupeiformes
Family:Pristigasteridae

Image copyrights: Devarapalli, P.

Description
Size: Maximum 28 cm; common 18 to 20 cm.

Color: Back dark gray, flanks silvery, a faint dark spot on dermosphenotic. Margin of anal fin black, caudal fin dusted with dark pigment; pectoral fins black tipped.

Body rather deep, much compressed, fusiform, its depth 28 to 39% of standard length; belly strongly keeled, with 19 to 23 pre-pelvic and 8 to 12 post-pelvic scutes, total 30 to 32 scutes. Eye large, lower jaw strongly projecting. Pseudobranch is present and exposed. 18 to 23 slender gill rakers are present on the lower arm of 1st arch. Teeth uniserial in both jaws. Dorsal fin with 13 to 15 branched rays, its origin near midpoint of body. Anal fin with 35 to 49 branched rays, its origin below hind part of dorsal fin base. Pelvic fins small, no axillary scale. Swim bladder with a single long tube passing back down right side of body above anal fin base. No toothed hypo-maxilla. Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 38-53.


Synonym (s)
Ilisha megaloptera Seshagiri-Rao, 1976
Ilisha filigera (Valenciennes, 1847)
Pellona dussurnieri Valenciennes, 1847
Pellona xanthoptera Bleeker, 1851
Ilisha macrophthalma (Swainson, 1838)
Platygaster megalopterus Swainson, 1838
Pellona megaloptera Day, 1878
Ilisha kampeni Misra (nec Weber & de Beaufort), 1976
Clupanodon motius Hamilton, 1822
Clupea megalopterus Swainson, 1839
Clupea parva Swainson, 1839
Ilisha dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1847)
Ilisha motius (Hamilton, 1822)
Pellona dussumieri Valenciennes, 1847
Pellona megaloptera (Swainson, 1839)
Pellona russellii Bleeker, 1852
Platygaster macropthalma Swainson, 1839

Common Name (s)
• Puvali (Tamil)
• Kuthuva (Tamil)
• Jangarloo (Telugu)
• Bigeye Ilisha (English)
• Pholera
• Poovali (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Feeds on fishes, crustaceans, amphipods, occasionally polychaetes, tunicates and small amounts of algae and diatoms.

Biogeography


• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• West Bengal, Kiagoria INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• MYANMAR
• INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• SRI LANKA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Vashishti Estuary INDIA (Record: 11/1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Ghole (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Gujarat, Off Kandla INDIA (Record: 1986-1987)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1965) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E.J. Brill, Leiden, Holland 2 404 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gajbhiye, SN; Mehta, P; Mustafa, S and Nair, VR (1995) A case study on the impact of industrial effluents disposal on the fisheries of Amba river estuary, Maharastra Journal of the Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 25 25-38 Available at - http://hdl.handle.net/2264/2319
  • Nair, VR; Mustafa, S; Mehta, P; Govindan, K; Jiyalal Ram, M and Gajbhiye, SN (1998) Biological characteristics of the Vashishti Estuary, Maharashtra (west coast of India) Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR, CSIR 27 310-316 Available at - http://hdl.handle.net/2264/1900
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/e9163e/e9163e00.htm
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Manna, B and Goswami, BCB (1985) A check-list of marine and estuarine fishes of Digha, West Bengal, India Mahasagar- Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography NIO, Goa 18(4) 489-499 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/Mahasagar/Mahasagar_V-18/Mahasagar_18%284%29_489.pdf
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at - http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/india/press/reports/greenpeace-biodiversity.pdf
  • Nair, VR; Govindan, K; Ramaiah, N and Gajbhiye, SN (1993) Fishery potential of the Gulf of Kachchh Journal of the Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 23 91-103 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/2779/2/J_Indian_Fish_Assoc_23_91.pdf
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-24

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