Callyodon niger   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 235 mm

Color: Dark brown. Both lips pale greenish, cheek lighter, a dark bar from below lower lip to behind rictus continued as a pale band below eye and pale streaks extending forward and backward from eye. Dorsal and anal dark brown and narrowly edged with green. Caudal dark brown, hind border slightly lighter. Pectoral brown, posterior edge lighter. Ventral brown, spine and extremity of rays slightly greenish.

Head 3.0 in standard length, 3.8 in total length. Depth of body 2.6 in standard length, 3.3 in total length. Eye diameter 6.6 in head, 2.5 in snout and 2.4 in convex interorbital space. Cheek with 2 series of scales and 2 scales on preopercle flange. 6 predorsal scales. Teeth green, lips covering about 2/3 of dental plates, a rudimentary canine posteriorly in upper jaw. Nostrils small, the hind one about 3/4 eye diameter before eye. Dorsal fin spines subequal, about 2 eye diameter in length, rays slightly longer. Pectoral 2/3 length of snout shorter than head. Caudal fin truncate, the lobes slightly produced.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 10; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 9; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 13; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 25; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+6½.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Scarus niger Forskal, 1775
Callyodon niger Smith, 1956
Callyodon nuchipunctatus de Beaufort, 1940

Common Name (s)
• Karutha Chandi
Economic Importance and Threats



• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Red Sea (Record: 1980)
• SEYCHELLES (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Murty, VS (2001) Ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep Bulletins of the Geological Survey of India 56 103-111 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-06-28

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