Callyodon scaber   (Valenciennes,  1840) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 158-180 mm

Color: Light brownish grey above, becoming creamy white below, upper side of snout darker. Five dark cross bars on back slightly slanting forward and merging with the creamy color on sides. The first bar below origin of dorsal, the second about below 4th to 7th dorsal spines, the third about below 1st to 4th dorsal rays, the fourth below 6th to 10th dorsal rays and the fifth on caudal peduncle being sometimes obscure. Dorsal, anal and caudal pale yellowish, dorsal with slightly dusky outer edge, upper and lower edges of caudal sometimes slightly dusky. Pectoral and ventral yellowish.

Head 2.9-3.2 in standard length, 3.6-3.9 in total length. Depth of body 2.5-2.8 in standard length, 3.2-3.5 in total length. Eye diameter 5.8-6.4 in head, 2.2-2.6 in snout and 2.0-2.4 in slightly convex interorbital space. Teeth white, lips broad covering most of the plates, no canines. Two rows of scales on cheek and 2 or 3 scales on preopercle flange. Six or seven predorsal scales. Nostrils minute, adjacent, the posterior about 3/5 eye diameter before eye. Pectoral fin about an eye diameter shorter than head. Dorsal fin spines subequal, 1.7-2.0 eye diameter, dorsal fin rays slightly longer than spines. Caudal fin truncate, the lobes slightly extended in adults.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 10; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 9; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 12 (13); number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 24-25; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+6½.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Scarus scaber Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1839
Callyodon scaber Smith, 1956

Common Name (s)
• Gali Landae
• Veesam
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish)



• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (2001) Ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep Bulletins of the Geological Survey of India 56 103-111 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-06-28

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