Cypselurus furcatus   (Mitchill,  1815) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 100-201 mm

Color: Bluish brown above, silvery white below. Ground color of pectoral dark blue with a broad oblique median transparent area and a transparent hind border. Dorsal pale to dusky. Ventral whitish, tips of median rays dark to blackish. Anal transparent. Caudal dusky.

Head 3.9-4.1 in standard length, 5.0-5.3 in total length. Depth of body 4.9-5.4 in standard length, 6.3-6.8 in total length. Eye diameter 2.9-3.2 in head, 0.7 in snout and 1.2-1.3 in slightly concave interorbital space. Narrow bands of minute teeth in jaws. Anal fin origin opposite to 5th or 6th ray of dorsal fin. Pectoral fin reaching nearly to end of dorsal fin base. Ventral fin longer than head, reaching posteriorly to middle of anal fin, its origin nearer to base of caudal fin than to hind border of eye. Base of anal fin 1.6-1.7 in base of caudal fin.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: 12-13; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: 9-10; number of rays in the pectoral fin: i, 13-15; number of spines and rays in the ventral fins: 6; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 46-49; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 8 ½ +1+3; number of scales along the dorsal mid-line of the head and back, anterior to the origin of dorsal fin: 27-29; gill raker count: 5-6+16-17.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Excoetus furcatus Mitchell, 1815
Exocoetus furcatus Mitchill, 1815
Cypselurus furcatus Jones, 1969
Cypsilurus altipennis Weber and de Beaufort, 1922
Cypsilurus furcatus Smith, 1949
Excoetus altipinnis Valenciennes : Day, 1889

Common Name (s)
• Purava
• Fulanghi
• Spofin Flyingfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial



• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nancowry INDIA (Record: 10/02/1993)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Suppa, M; Suebsin, S; Suri, V and Songsirikul, T (1997) Checklist of fishes in Thailand Office of Environmental Policy and Planning 1-353 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (1994) Additions to the Ichthyofauna of Bay Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 28-31 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-24

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