Dactyloptena macracanthus   (Bleeker,  1854) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 45-165 mm

Color: Pale brownish on back, lighter below with brownish bars on back below second isolated ray, below the keel-like spine in front of soft dorsal, last three rays of soft dorsal and just in front of caudal base. First isolated ray blackish, second isolated ray and first dorsal brownish. Rays of soft dorsal and caudal with dark streaks. Pectoral brownish with a large black blotch on basal third of median rays.

Head 3.3 in standard length, 4.1 in total length. Depth of body 3.9 in standard length, 4.9 in total length. Eye diameter 2.4 in head, 0.6 in snout and 1.6 in slightly concave interorbital space. Preopercular spine equal to head without snout. First free ray on occiput with well developed membrane, less than head with preopercular spine. Second detached ray shorter than eye diameter. First spine of first dorsal slightly longer than soft dorsal rays; a short spine just in front of second dorsal. Anal fin origin nearer to base of caudal than to gill opening. Tip of pectoral fin not reaching to base of caudal. Ventral fin shorter than head by half length of snout. Lateral line distinct.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: I+I+V+I+8; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: 6; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 33; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 4; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 45; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 26.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Dactylopterus macracanthus Bleeker, 1854
Dactyloptena macracanthus de Beaufort and Briggs, 1962
Dactylopterus macracanthus Gunther, 1860
Corystion chirophthalmus Bleeker, 1865
Dactylopterus macracanthus Alcock, 1896
Cephalacanthus macracanthus Jordan and Seale, 1970
Ebisimus cheirophthalmus Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Ebisimus cheirophthalmus Koumans, 1953

Common Name (s)
• Shortwing Flying Gurnad
Economic Importance and Threats



• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Off Chennai Coast INDIA
• Off Orissa Coast INDIA
• Off West Coast INDIA
• Arabian Sea
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-30

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