Dascyllus reticulatus   (Richardson,  1846) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Pomacentridae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 9.0 cm TL.

Color: Pale brownish with dark border to scales. Head dark brown. Scales on head, chest and upper part of body upto the level of second or third dorsal spine dark. A dark transverse band in young from anterior spines of dorsal through base of pectoral to base of ventral and another less distinct band from soft dorsal to soft anal. The posterior band disappearing and the anterior becoming paler with growth. Spinous dorsal, anal and ventral dark brown. Soft dorsal rays yellowish brown, caudal peduncle and caudal pale yellowish. In some, the distal margin of posterior rays of anal light. Pectoral hyaline with a black blotch at axil.

Head 3.0-3.2 in standard length, 3.9-4.2 in total length. Depth of body 1.6-1.7 in standard length, 2.0-2.1 in total length. Eye diameter 2.5-2.7 in head, 0.5 in snout and about equal to interorbital space. Teeth in jaws somewhat conical, outer row enlarged. Pectoral and ventral fins subequal, equal to or slightly longer than head. Caudal fin slightly forked. Preopercle denticulated.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XII, 14-15; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, 13-14; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 17-18; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 18-19+8; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 3+1+11.

Protogynous, benthic spawner, external fertilization. Male prepares a nest by cleaning with its mouth a rock or coral surface where the female will attach the eggs.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Dascyllus xanthosoma Bleeker, 1851
(Junior synonym)
Heliases reticulatus Richardson, 1846
(Senior synonym)
Heliastes reticulatus Richardson, 1846
(Ambiguous synonym)
Pomacentrus unifasciatus Kner, 1868
(Ambiguous synonym)
Heliases reticulatus Richardson, 1846
Dascyllus carneus Smith, 1949
Dascyllus marginatus de Beaufort, 1940
Dascyllus reticulatus Smith, 1960
Tetradrachmum marginatum Day, 1878
Dascyllus reticulata (Richardson, 1846)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Reticulate Dascyllus (English)
• Galiburang (Mahl)
• Kallikkotti (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium, fisheries, Ornamental fish)
Cultured:  Unknown

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans, fish eggs/larvae, benthic algae/weeds, mysids, planktonic copepods, other planktonic crustaceans

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2003) Habitat distribution and species diversity of coral reef fishes in the reefslope of the Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 88-98 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7786/1/678-Mur.pdf
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2004) Community organization of reef fishes in the live coral sub-habitat of Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 51(1) 87-95 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/150/1/IJF_51_no.1_%2C2004_-_12.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3536/1/Special_Publication_No_72.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2001) Ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep Bulletins of the Geological Survey of India 56 103-111 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8574/1/Murty.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-06-28

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