Dascyllus trimaculatus   (Ruppell,  1829) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Pomacentridae

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Description
Size: 11-14 cm.

Color: Dark reddish brown to brownish black in large specimens. Scales of body with dark hind border. Young with white blotch on nape and another in lateral line below 7th to 9th or 10th dorsal fin spines. These two blotches gradually disappear with growth. Dorsal and anal dark brown distally, light brown basally. Caudal and ventral dark. Pectoral pale to dusky with dusky brown blotch at the upper edge of base.

Head 3.2-3.5 in standard length, 4.2-4.5 in total length. Depth of body 1.5-1.7 in standard length, 2.0-2.3 in total length. Eye diameter 2.5-2.8 in head, 0.4-0.5 in snout and equal to convex interorbital space. Mouth very oblique. Maxillary almost reaching to below front border of eye. Preorbital and suborbital with a row of elongate scales, the lower borders of these finely denticulated. 4-5 irregular rows of scales on preopercle and one on inferior limb. A narrow posterior limb naked. Hind border of preopercle with minute denticulations. Scales on upper part of head reaching to end of snout, those before eyes much smaller than the others. First dorsal spine short. Second or third and fourth dorsal spines slightly longer than the others, almost as long as head without snout. Soft dorsal bluntly pointed, the first rays as long as last spines, the middle rays as long as longest dorsal spines. First anal spine short, second as long as longest dorsal spines. Soft anal similar to soft dorsal. Pectorals and ventrals subequal, longer than head. Teeth in several rows in jaws, outer row slightly enlarged. Pectoral fin longer than head. Ventral fin equal to or slightly longer than pectoral. Caudal fin slightly emarginate, the upper lobe longer than the lower. Hind border and lower border of preopercle denticulated.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XII, 14-15; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, 14; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 17-18; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 17-19+8; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 4+1+10-11.

Dioecious, batch spawner, courtship characterized by male 'signal-jumping'. Captive pair reported to spawn thrice monthly with a total of 17 over a 7-month period, external fertilization, guarders, nesters. Larval stage duration observed in the aquarium: 21-25 days.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Pomacentrus trimaculatus Ruppell, 1829
Dascyllus axillaris Smith, 1935
(Junior synonym)
Dascyllus niger Bleeker, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Dascyllus unicolor Bennett, 1831
(Junior synonym)
Pomacentrus nuchalis (Bennett, 1830)
(Junior synonym)
Pomacentrus trimaculatus Ruppell, 1829
(Senior synonym)
Sparus nigricans Gronow, 1854
(Junior synonym)
Pomacentrus trimaculatus Ruppell, 1828
Dascyllus axillaris Smith, 1949
Dascyllus trimaculatus de Beaufort, 1940
Tetradrachmum trimaculatum Day, 1888
Dascyllus trimaculatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Dascyllus trimaculatus Schlegel and Muller, 1841
Dascyllus trimaculatus Gunther, 1862
Tetradrachmum trimaculatum Bleeker, 1865
Dascyllus trimaculatus Klunzinger, 1871
Tetradrachmum trimaculatum Bleeker, 1877
Dascyllus trimaculatus Gunther, 1881
Dascyllus trimaculatus Steindachiner and Denkschr, 1900
Tetradrachmum trimaculatum Steindachner, 1901
Dascyllus trimaculatus Jordan and Seale, 1907
Tetradrachmum trimaculatum M. Weber, 1913
Dascyllus trimaculatus Barnard, 1927
Dascyllus trimaculatus Ahl, 1937
Dascyllus trimaculatus Montalban, 1927
Dascyllus trimaculatus Fowler and Bean, 1928
Dascyllus trimaculatus Fowler, 1928
Dascyllus trimaculatus Duncker and Mohr, 1929
Pellochromis trimaculatus Whitely, 1929
Dascyllus trimaculatum (Ruppell, 1829)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Three Spot Dacyllus (English)
• Three Spot Dascyllus (English)
• Domino (English)
• Kaluburang (Mahl)
• Barakkotti (Malayalam)
• Karipadatham (Malayalam)
• White-spotted Puller (English)
• Three Spot Damsel
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium, fisheries, ornamental fish)
Cultured:  Unknown

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic copepods, benthic algae/weeds, planktonic crustaceans, planktonic copepods

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Red Sea
• PAKISTAN
• Gulf of Oman
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Suheli INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin Coast INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Tinnakara INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Karnataka, Netrani Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at - www.coralcay.org
  • Rouphael, T; Turak, E and Jon, B Seagrasses and mangroves of Yemen's Red Sea 41-89
  • Ohman, M; Rajasuriya, A and Olafsson, E (1997) Reef fish assemblages in north western Sri Lanka: Distribution patterns and influences of fishing practises Enviornmental Biology of Fishes Kluwer Academic Publishers 49 45-61
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/ index/
  • Rao, DV and Devi, K (2004) A pictorial guide to butterfly and anemone fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands 76 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (1994) The effect of artificial reef installation on the biosocioeconomics of small scale fisheries in Ranong province, Thailand Bay of Bengal Programme Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2003) Habitat distribution and species diversity of coral reef fishes in the reefslope of the Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 88-98 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Kumar, RR and Edward, JKP (2005) Comparative study on the fish assemblages in natural and artificial reefs in Tuticorin, Gulf of Mannar, Southeast coast of India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 99-104 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2004) Community organization of reef fishes in the live coral sub-habitat of Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 51(1) 87-95 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/150/1/IJF_51_no.1_%2C2004_-_12.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3536/1/Special_Publication_No_72.pdf
  • Thomas, S; Sreeram, MP; Kakati, VS; Manisseri, MK and George, RM (2011) Coral fish diversity in Netrani waters off Murudeshwar Karnataka, south India Indian journal of fisheries CMFRI 58(1) 45-51 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8473/1/IJF_Sujitha_45-51.pdf
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1866/1/Article_04.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Reef Fishes Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-08

Back to Search