Dendrochirus zebra   (Cuvier,  1829) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Scorpaeniformes
Family:Scorpaenidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: Max length 25.0 cm SL (male/unsexed)

Color: Reddish brown, sides with eight dark brown transverse bands; two dark brown bands from eye to cheek and another on occiput. Median fins hyaline, spines and rays with dark brown spots. Pectoral membrane dark brown, rays whitish with transverse dark brown bands. Ventral fin brown with some light spots distally.

Head 2.6 in standard length, 3.3 in total length. Depth of body 2.8 in standard length, 3.5 in total length. Eye diameter 3.6 in head, equal to snout and 0.6 in concave interorbital space. Maxillary reaching to below front border of pupil. Jaws and vomer with villiform teeth. Anterior nostril with a flap. Orbital tentacle about half length of head. A short spine between nostrils, supraorbital ridge with five spines, inferior postorbital ridge with six spines, interorbital ridge diverging behind eyes and continued as superior postorbital ridges with four spines; suborbital ridge with small spines, preoperculum with three spines and operculum with a flat spine. First dorsal spine as long as eye, 8th dorsal spine slightly longer than head. Uppermost ray of pectoral fin and eight lower rays of pectoral simple, others deeply forked; membrane of lower rays only deeply incised. Pectoral fin reaching to caudal peduncle. Ventral fin equal to head.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XIII, 11; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 6; number of rays in the pectoral fin: i, 8, 8; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 51; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 8+1+14.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Spawn in pairs. Courtship and spawning occur at night. Males aggressive, females are smaller and develop almost white face when in courtship. Spawning occurs at the apex of a short and rapid paired ascent resulting in a gelatinous mass of 2,000 to 15,000 eggs. Hatching occurs 36 hours later and larvae settle out in a few weeks at a size of 10-12 mm.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Pterois zebra Cuvier, 1829
(Senior synonym)
Pterois zebra Quoy and Gaimard, 1824
Dendrochirus zebra Munro, 1955
Pseudomonopterus zebra (Cuvier, 1829)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Dwarf Lionfish (English)
• Zebra Firefish (English)
• Zebra Lionfish (English)
• Zebra Turkeyfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, aquarium, ornamental fish
Venomous)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes, benthic crustaceans

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 11) (Long: 72.5) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• MAURITIUS
• MALDIVES
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Tinnakara INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Karnataka, Netrani Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/ index/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Kuo, RS and Shao, KT (1999) Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan Zoological Studies 38(4) 391-404 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Rodney, J (1985) Population fluctuations in some ornamental fishes and invertebrates off Sri Lanka Proceedings of the symposium on endangered marine animals and marine parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 1 355-366 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2007) Coral reef fish abundance and diversity of seagrass beds in Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Cochin 54 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2004) Community organization of reef fishes in the live coral sub-habitat of Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 51(1) 87-95 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/150/1/IJF_51_no.1_%2C2004_-_12.pdf
  • Thomas, S; Sreeram, MP; Kakati, VS; Manisseri, MK and George, RM (2011) Coral fish diversity in Netrani waters off Murudeshwar Karnataka, south India Indian journal of fisheries CMFRI 58(1) 45-51 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8473/1/IJF_Sujitha_45-51.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3536/1/Special_Publication_No_72.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-08

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