Metaplax distincta   H. Milne-Edwards,  1852 (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Varunidae

Image copyrights: NIO, Goa

Description
Size (female): Length of carapace: 18 mm; breadth of carapace: 24 mm.

Color: Uniform grey.

Length of the carapace less than three fourths of the breadth. Orbital portion of lower border of orbit with 9 or 10 teeth.
The carapace is more than two-thirds nearly three quarters as long as broad. The lower border of the orbit in the male is prolonged to the level of the second notch in the lateral border. The lobules of the infra-orbital ridge are from 25 to 30. the lobules of the orbital portion (10-12) are small and gradually decreased in size from within outward. The anterior border of the meropodites of the legs are armed, in the first and last pair with a sub-terminal spine, in the middle two with several spines. The male abdomen consists of seven separate segments.


Synonym (s)
Metaplax distinctus H.M. Edwards, 1852
Metaplax distinctus H. Milne-Edwards, 1852
Metaplax distinctus de Man, 1887
Metaplax distincta Henderson, 1893
Metaplax distincta Sankarankutty, 1961

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai (Lat: 13.09) (Long: 80.29) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Island (Lat: 7.24) (Long: 93.74) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Island (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Forest (Lat: 11.03) (Long: 79.78) INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada INDIA
• Mergui MYANMAR
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobars INDIA
• West Bengal, Haldia INDIA (Record: 03/1984)
• West Bengal, Basirhat INDIA (Record: 06/09/1984)
• West Bengal, Kakdwip INDIA (Record: 08/03/1985)
• West Bengal, Geonkhali INDIA (Record: 22/03/1985)
• West Bengal, Haora INDIA (Record: 1995)
• West Bengal, Nadia INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Athankarai INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• West Bengal, Majerchar INDIA (Record: 08/1988)
• West Bengal, Sibganj INDIA (Record: 08/1988)
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Mayabunder INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake (Lat: 13.41) (Long: 80.05) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake (Lat: 13.91) (Long: 80.31) INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.16) (Long: 85.83) INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.63) (Long: 89.83) INDIA
• West Bengal, North 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, Haora INDIA
• West Bengal, Nadia INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Backwaters INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cooum Estuary (Lat: 13.16) (Long: 80.26) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Roy, MKD and Das, AK (2000) Taxonomy, ecobiology and distribution pattern of the brachyuran crabs of mangrove ecosystem in the Andaman Islands Occasional paper no 185 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-211 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Chhapgar, BF (1957) Marine crabs of Bombay state Contribution No. 1 of the Taraporevala Marine Biological Station Marine Biological Station, Department of fisheries, Bombay 89 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Alcock, A (1968) Materials for a carcinological fauna of India the Brachyura Oxyrhyncha The Baptist Mission Press 1 1-456 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Sankarankutty, C (1961) On Decapoda brachyura from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1. Families Portunidae, Ocypodidae, Grapsidae and Mictyridae Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 3(1-2) 101-119 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Kathiresan, k (2000) A review of studies on Pichavaram mangrove, southeast India Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands 430 108-205 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Jeyabaskaran, R; Wafar, S and Wafar, M (2002) CD on Brachyuran Crabs of West Coast, India Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/brachyuran/index.html
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Ghosh, SK (1995) Crustacea: Decapoda: Grapsidae Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 229-248 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sankarankutty, C (1966) On Decapoda Brachyura from the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay Proceedings of the Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part I 347-362 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2394/1/Article_32.pdf
  • Deb, M and Rao, GC (1993) A check-list of the brachyuran crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda)of Bay islands Journal Of The Andaman Science Association Andaman Science association, Port Blair 8(1-2) 25-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dineshbabu, AP; Durgekar, RN and Zacharia, PU (2011) Estuarine and marine decapods of Karnataka inventory Fishing Chimes Mr.J.V.H. Dixitulu 30 (10-11) 20-24 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7950/1/Dineshbabu-Fishing_Chimes_30(10%2611).pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2008) Brachyuran biodiversity of some selected brackishwater lakes of India Proceedings of Taal2007: The 12th World Lake Conference 496-499 Available at - wldb.ilec.or.jp/data/ilec/wlc12/C-%20Biodiversity/C-20.pdf
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi NC (2007) Brachyuran diversity in coastal ecosystems of Tamil Nadu Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 4(2) 169-192 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2008) Checklist and distribution of Brachyuran crabs of West Bengal, India Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 5(2) 191-214 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Panikkar, NK and Aiyar, RG (1937) The brackish water fauna of Madras Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section B Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, India 6(5) 284-337 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-24

Back to Search