Echidna delicatula   (Kaup,  1856) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: 44 cm.

Color: Light brown or whitish, everywhere marbled or mottled with darker, or dark brown marbled with whitish. The head may be largely dark brown behind the eye.

Head 8.5-9.4, depth of body 15.2-17.0, both in total length. Head 2.5-3.0 in trunk. Tail about 1.0-1.5 length of head longer than head and trunk. eye diameter 9.8-11.6 in head, 1.5-1.8 in snout and 1.3-1.5 in interorbital space. Cleft of mouth more or less than 3 times in length of head. Dorsal beginning far before gill openings, immediately behind occiput, rather high, about thrice in height of body. Anal lower, but conspicuous. Teeth conical, in the maxillaries in 2 series, the inner one shorter. On the intermaxillary plate a prolonged semicircle of about 9-13 strong teeth, separated from the maxillary teeth, besides 2 strong teeth in the middle, separated from the teeth on the vomer. These form 2 series beginning with 2 pairs of stronger teeth and ending far before the maxillary series. Maxillary teeth in 2 series or only anteriorly in 2 series, the inner teeth the strongest. Anterior nostrils tubular, on each side of tip of snout; posterior nostrils with slightly raised rims, above anterior border of eye.

Dioecious, external fertilization.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Poecilophis delicatulus Kaup, 1856
Echidna delicatula Bleeker, 1864
Muraena amblyodon Gunther, 1870
Echidna Kishinouyei Jordan and Snyder, 1901
Echidna delicatula Jordan and Seale, 1905
Muraena amblyodon Gunther, 1910
Echidna delicatula de Beaufort, 1913
Siderea delicatula (Kaup, 1856)

Common Name (s)
• Vellamalanhi (Malayalam)
• Kiruveng (Mahl)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Deraniyagala, PEP (1952) A Colored Atlas of some vertebrates from Ceylon Ceylon National Museum Publication 1 1-149 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Suppa, M; Suebsin, S; Suri, V and Songsirikul, T (1997) Checklist of fishes in Thailand Office of Environmental Policy and Planning 1-353 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1916) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A.J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 3 455 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-03-08

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