Echidna zebra [Status Unaccepted]   (Shaw,  1797) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Leopard Aquatic

Size: 125 cm.

Color: Blackish brown, encircled by 30 to more than 100 white, black-edged narrow rings. Some of the rings may be incomplete, they are less regular the more numerous they are.

Head 9.0-10.2, depth of body 15.2-18.3, both in total length. Eye diameter 10-13 in head, 1.5-1.7 in snout and 1.5-2.3 in interorbital space. Snout 6.6-7.6 in head. Tail 1.7-2.2 in head and trunk. Cleft of mouth 2.5-2.9 in head, reaching far behind eye. Dorsal beginning behind gill openings, its height about 4 times in height of body, not very distinct under the thick skin. Teeth granular, the maxillary ones the smallest, in two short series. Mandibulary teeth in 3 to 4 irregular series, the inner series the largest. On the vomer a pear-shaped group of large teeth, broadly connected with the roundish group of similar teeth on the innermaxillary plate, the central teeth in both groups the largest. Anterior nostril tubular near tip of snout, posterior nostril with raised rim, above the anterior border of eye.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Gymnothorax zebra Shaw, 1797
Gymnothorax zebra Bloch, 1801
Gymnomuraena doliata Lacepede, 1803
Muraena molendinaris Bennett, 1833
Gymnomuraena zebra Richardson, 1844
Gymnomuraena fasciata Kaup, 1856
Muraena zebra Bleeker, 1857
Echidna zebra Bleeker, 1864
Muraena zebra Gunther, 1870
Muraena zebra Klunzinger, 1871
Muraena zebra Day, 1888
Echidna zebra Jordan and Evermann, 1905
Muraena zebra Gunther, 1910
Arndha zebra Munro, 1955
Echidna zebra Weber and de Beaufort, 1916
Muraena zebra Day, 1878

Common Name (s)
• Mudiveng
• Kadukkamalanhi
• Zebra Moray (English)
• Buddide Pam (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, Ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Demersal


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Venkateswarlu, T and Rama Rao, KV (1986) Valid scientific names to Day's fish fauna of India Miscellaneous publication, occasional paper no 87 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI p 48 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1916) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A.J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 3 455 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Leopard Aquatic Available at -
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2003) Habitat distribution and species diversity of coral reef fishes in the reefslope of the Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 88-98 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Rao, GC (1991) Distribution of plants and animals on the rocky sea shores of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 7(2) 30-42 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-02

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