Crenimugil crenilabis   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 26-60 cm.

Color: Olive-green on the back with sides and the belly silvery white. The pectoral fins are yellowish and there is a black spot at the base of either pectoral fin. Other fins are whitish.

The body of this fish is robust and elongate with its head wide and dorsally flattened. The eyes are covered by well developed adipose eyelids. The mouth is small and terminal with no teeth. Head 3.6-4.0 in standard length, 4.6-5.1 in total length. Depth of body 3.5-4.0 in standard length, 4.5-5.0 in total length. Eye diameter 3.5-4.3 in head, 0.8-1.0 in snout and 1.8-2.2 in almost flat interorbital space. Lower border of preorbital with shallow emargination, tip of maxillary not exposed. Upper lip very broad, thick, with 5-6 series of papillae. Lower lip with a row of papillae except at symphysis. About 20 predorsal scales. First dorsal fin insertion midway between front border of eye and base of caudal fin and opposite to 12th or 13th lateral scale. Origin of second dorsal fin at level of 24th or 25th lateral scale and over rear of first third of anal fin base. Pectoral fin shorter than head.
Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: IV; number of spines and rays in the second dorsal fin: I, 8; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 9; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 15; number of spines and rays in the ventral fins: I, 5; number of scale rows along the midside of body from the upper corner of operculum to the midbase of caudal fin in the absence of lateral line: 39-41; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 12-13.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive. Spawning occurs in large aggregations after dark.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Mugil crenilabis Weber and de Beaufor, 1922
Mugil crenilabis crenilabis Forsskal, 1775
Mugil crenilabis Forskal, 1775
Crenimugil crenilabis Smith, 1949
Mugil crenilabris Day, 1878
Chelon crenilabis (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Liza crenilabis (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Liza lauvergnii (Eydoux & Souleyet, 1850)
(Junior synonym)
Mugil cirrhostomus Forster, 1801
(Junior synonym)
Mugil crenilabis Forsskal, 1775
(Senior synonym)
Mugil fasciatus Valenciennes, 1836
(Junior synonym)
Mugil lauvergnii Eydoux & Souleyet, 1850
(Junior synonym)
Mugil macrocheilus Bleeker, 1854
(Junior synonym)
Mugil neocalidonicus Castelnau, 1873
(Junior synonym)
Mugil rueppellii Gunther, 1861
(Junior synonym)
Oedalechilus cirrhostomus (Forster, 1801)
(Junior synonym)
Querimana crenilabis (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Crenimugil crenilabris (Forsskal, 1775)
Crenimugli crenilabris (Forsskal, 1775)
Mugil crenilabris Forsskal, 1775
Mugil neocaledonicus Castelnau, 1873
Mugil ruppellii GUnther, 1861

Common Name (s)
• Fringelip Mullet (English)
• Bengu (Mahl)
• Thirutha (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquaculture, bait. Marketed fresh.)
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Phytoplankton, plants, zooplankton, zoobenthos and detritus


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt Island (Lat: 11.55) (Long: 72.1) INDIA (Record: 03/1954)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rouphael, T; Turak, E and Jon, B Seagrasses and mangroves of Yemen's Red Sea 41-89
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at -
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Balan, V (1958) Notes on a visit to certain islands of the Laccadive Archipelago, with special reference to fisheries Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 55 (2) 297-306 Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Silas, EG and Pillai, PP (1982) Bait fishes Resources of tunas and related species and their fisheries in the Indian Ocean, CMFRI Bulletin, 32 CMFRI 32 136-140 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-10-14

Back to Search