Calotomus spinidens   (Quoy & Gaimard,  1824) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Scaridae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 15 cm.

Color: General body color when fresh is greenish brown with scales finely flecked with pale; shade of white ventrally (belly sometimes dull rose or yellowish). Across the chin, 2 irregular dull reddish bars interspaced by white or yellow; upper opercular margin with a diffused dark spot. Hyaline pectorals with a yellowish flush; pelvic fins hyaline except for numerous small white spots and some reddish blotches.

Body depth contained about 2.5 to 3.2 times in standard length. Teeth not fused, but individual teeth closely applied; 1 or 2 canines on lateral edges of upper jaw; upper and lower jaws directly opposing with mouth closed; 1 row of 4 or 5 (usually 5) cheek scales below eye; 4 median predorsal scales. Pectoral fins with 11 (occasionally 10 or 12) branched rays; caudal fin rounded at all sizes. Flexible dorsal spines. Area circumscribed by pectoral fin unspotted. Lateral line interrupted.

Synonym (s)
Calotomus japonicus Schultz, 1958
Calotomus japonicus Schultz, 1969
Callyodon hypselosoma Bleeker, 1855
Callyodon moluccensis Bleeker, 1861
Callyodon spinidens (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
Callyodon waigiensis Valenciennes, 1840
Calotomus spinidence (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
(Misspelling)
Cryptotomus spinidens (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
Leptoscarus moluccensis (Bleeker, 1861)
Scarus spinidens Quoy & Gaimard, 1824

Common Name (s)
• Spinytooth parrotfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium)

Ecology
Habitat:  Sandy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Epiphytes on seagrass beds or dense beds of algae.

Biogeography


• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1866/1/Article_04.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-06-02

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