Epinephelus caeruleopunctatus [Status Unaccepted]   (Bloch,  1790) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: NSMT-P

Size: 9.7-60 cm SL

Color: Adults brownish gray, the body, posterior head, and dorsal fin with scattered large whitish spots and numerous pale spots, dorsal, caudal and pectoral fins with a very narrow white margin, a series of indistinct dark blotches at base of dorsal fin and one on caudal peduncle, prominent black streak on maxillary groove. Juveniles dark gray to black, covered with prominent pupil-size white spots and smaller white dots.

Height 2.8-3, 3.5-3.6 in length with caudal. Head 2.3-2.4, 2.8-3 in length with caudal. Eye 4.6-5, its diameter equal to or a little less than snout. Interorbital space about half diameter of eye. Mouth slightly oblique, lower jaw projecting. Maxillary reaching to below posterior border of eye, its width at distal extremity 1.5-1.8 in diameter of eye. Praeopercular border rounded, serrated behind, the serrae somewhat enlarged at angle. Middle opercular spine nearer to lower than to upper, the lower one not further back than upper, opercular flap pointed, its upper border curved. Head covered with cycloid scales, maxillary naked. Gillrakers short, 10-11 and some rudiments on lower part of anterior arch. Dorsal originating above base of pectorals. Dorsal spine increasing in length to the third or fourth, which are one third of head, the last spine is scarcely shorter, the soft rays are considerably longer. Second and third anal spine equal, much shorter than longest dorsal spines. Pectorals as long as postorbital part of head, ventrals half diameter of eye shorter. Caudal rounded. Scales ctenoid.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Holocentrus caeruleopunctatus Bloch, 1790
Serranus leucostigma Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1828
Serranus summana Ruppell, 1828
Serranus dermochirus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1803
Serranus hoevenii Bleeker, 1849
Serranus kunhardtii Bleeker, 1851
Serranus hoevenii Gunther, 1859
Epinephelus hoevenii Bleeker, 1863
Serranus caeruleopunctatus Peters, 1865
Serranus hoevenii Playfair and Gunther, 1866
Serranus sumana Klunzinger, 1870
Epinephelus hoevenii Bleeker, 1876
Epinephelus dermochirus Bleeker, 1875
Serranus tumilabris Day, 1888
Serranus hoeveni Day, 1889
Serranus alboguttatus Sauvage, 1891
Epinephelus caeruleopunctatus Boulenger, 1895
Epinephelus summana de Beaufort, 1913
Epinephelus caeruleopunctatus McCulloch, 1921
Epinephelus caeruleopunctatus Barnard, 1927
Serranus caeruleopunctatus Fowler, 1928
Epinephelus caeruleopunctatus Weber and de Beaufort, 1931
Serranus tumilabris Day, 1878

Common Name (s)
• White Spotted Grouper (English)
• Fana
• Chammam
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal


• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Atoll (Lat: 8) (Long: 71) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Goa, Panjim INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore (Lat: 11.7) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 01/2004-12/2004)
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Gujarat, Sangi-Kharo Creek (Lat: 23.28) (Long: 68.51) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Gujarat, Medi-Sinthodi Creek (Lat: 23.45) (Long: 68.48) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rajan, PT (2003) A field guide to marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 260 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Pillai, CSG; Gopakumar, G and Mohan, M (1991) Ichthyofauna of the intertidal reef flats of Minicoy atoll, Lakshadweep An analysis of its structure, relative abundance and food Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine Biological Association of India 34 74-83 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sujatha, K (2004) Groupers off Visakhapatnam, northeast coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 46(1) 87-92 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • National museum of nature and science Available at - http://research.kahaku.go.jp/
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3536/1/Special_Publication_No_72.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Khan, SA; Ramesh, S and Lyla, PS (2008) Diversity of coral reef fishes in cuddalore waters, south-east coast of India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 55(3) 221-226 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR; Lazarius, S and Arumugam, G (1994) The present status of 'Major Perch' fisheries in India Perch fisheries in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 47 1-9 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8218/1/Bulletin_No_47.pdf
  • Saravanakumar, A; Rajkumar, M; Serebiah, JS and Thivakaran, GA (2009) Fishery resources in arid zone mangroves in gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat, northwest coast of India Journal of Ocean University of China Springer 8(3) 233-240 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11802-009-0233-3

Page last updated on:2011-11-29

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