Hyporhamphus dussumieri   (Valenciennes,  1847) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: Max length 38.0 cm SL (male/unsexed); common length 19.0 cm SL (male/unsexed).

Color: Greenish brown above becoming silvery below, scales of back and upper sides with dark brown spots. A bluish silvery lateral band bordered blackish above. Lateral line scales with thin blackish streaks. Dorsal dusky, anterior rays darker distally; pectoral and anal hyaline; caudal dusky; ventral dusky basally, pale distally.

Entire head 2.6-2.8 in standard length, 3.0-3.3 in total length. Head from tip of upper jaw to hind margin of opercular flap 3.3-3.7 in trunk. Body cylindrical, breadth of body equal to or slightly less than depth of body. Depth of body 10.0-11.4 in standard length, 11.6-13.2 in total length. Length of lower jaw beyond tip of upper jaw 5.4-5.8 in standard length, 6.2-6.8 in total length. Eye diameter 3.4-3.7 in head, 1.2-1.3 in postorbital length of head and equal to interorbital space. Upper jaw broader than long. Jaws with 3-5 rows of teeth. Preorbital much shorter than eye. Origin of anal fin opposite to 1st or 2nd branched ray of dorsal fin. Distance between ventral and anal fin equal to distance between angle of jaws to gill opening. Length of anal fin base 1.3 in that of dorsal fin. Pectoral fin equal to head without snout or slightly shorter. Ventral fin about 3/5th of length of pectoral fin. Ventral fin origin nearer to caudal fin base than to pectoral axil.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: ii, 12-13; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: ii, 12-13; number of rays in the pectoral fin: i, 10-11; number of spines and rays in the ventral fins: i, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 55-58.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Hemiramphus dussumieri Valenciennes, 1847
(Senior synonym)
Hemiramphus laticeps Gunther, 1866
(Junior synonym)
Hemiramphus reynaldi Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Hyporhamphus laticeps (Gunther, 1866)
(Junior synonym)
Hyporhamphus samoensis Steindachner, 1906
(Junior synonym)
Hemiramphus dussumieri Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1846
Hemirhamphus dussumieri Weber and de Beaufort, 1922
Hemirhamphus reynaldi Day, 1878
Hyporhamphus dussumieri Smith, 1949
Hyporhamphus dussumierii (Valenciennes, 1847)

Common Name (s)
• Oola (Malayalam)
• Ethuntholi (Mahl)
• Dussumiers Halfbeak (English)
• Mural (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; marketed fresh and dried salted.)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zooplankton, zoobenthos, crustaceans, finfish, detritus


• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Pitti INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kuo, RS and Shao, KT (1999) Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan Zoological Studies 38(4) 391-404 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Bijukumar, A and Sushama, S (2000) Ichthyofauna of Ponnani estuary, Kerala Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 42(1&2) 182-189 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-24

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