Caracanthus maculatus   (Gray,  1831) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 5-5.5 cm.

Color: Brown, lighter below with greenish gray to scarlet spots on head, body and tail. Fins pale.

Head and body highly compressed, dorsal profile of head steeply convex. Head 2.3-2.6 in standard length, 2.7-3.1 in total length. Depth of body 1.7-2.0 in standard length, 2.1-2.3 in total length. Eye diameter 4.0-4.6 in head, 0.8-1.1 in snout and 0.7-0.8 in interorbital space. Maxillary reaching to below hind border of iris. A narrow band of villiform teeth in jaws. Vomer and palatines edentulous. Preorbital with a blunt point anteriorly and a downwardly directed flat spine behind. Preopercle with five blunt spines; interopercle with a spine and opercle with two blunt spines. Third or fourth dorsal spine longest; membrane between last dorsal spine and first dorsal ray notched. Pectoral fin equal to or shorter than postorbital length of head. Ventral fins rudimentary. Head and body with minute papillae.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: VII-VIII, 12-13; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, 12; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 13; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 3.

Common among the branches of pocilloporid corals (e.g. Pocillopora eydouxi, Stylophora mordax) and some species of Acropora.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Caracanthus maculatus (Gray, 1831)
(Senior synonym)
Micropus maculatus Gray, 1831
(Senior synonym)
Micropus maculatus Gray, 1831
Caracanthus maculatus Smith, 1958
Caracanthus typicus Kroyer, 1844
Micropus maculatus Gunther, 1875
Caracanthus maculatus Fowler, 1900
Caracanthus maculatus Jenkins, 1904
Caracanthus maculatus Jordan and Evermann, 1905
Caracanthus maculatus Fowler, 1928
Caracanthus maculatus Herre, 1936
Caracanthus maculatus Koumans, 1953
Caracanthus maculatus Harry, 1953
Caracanthus maculatus Randall, 1955

Common Name (s)
• Spotted Coral Croucher (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-06-03

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