Caranx stellatus   Eydoux & Souleyet,  1850 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Carangidae

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Description
Size: 23-50 cm

Color: Bluish with dusky tinge above, becoming silvery white below; small scattered blackish spots on sides of head and body. Spinous dorsal pale with dusky outer margin; anterior lobes of soft dorsal and anal and lobes of caudal dusky; pectoral and ventral pale with yellowish tinge.

Body strongly compressed, dorsal profile elevated. Head 3.3-3.5 in standard length, 4.2-4.4 in total length. Depth of body 2.8 in standard length, 3.5 in total length. Eye with posterior adipose lid; eye diameter 5.0-5.4 in head, 1.6-1.8 in snout and 1.4-1.6 in highly convex interorbital space. Maxillary reaching to below middle of eye. Teeth in upper jaw in a narrow band with the outer row enlarged; a single row of conical teeth in lower jaw; vomer, palatines and tongue toothed. Breast completely scaled. Anterior arched part of lateral line shorter than the straight part beginning below about 8th or 9th dorsal ray and having 32-35 scutes. Anterior lobe of soft dorsal fin about 1.5 in head, that of anal fin slightly shorter. Pectoral fin falcate, longer than head.
Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: VIII; number of spines in the second dorsal fin: I, 23; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, I, 19; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 19; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 87; gill raker count: 15+1+16-17.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Caranx stellatus Eydoux and Souleyet, 1841
Caranx caeruleopinnatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1833
Caranx (Caranx) stellatus Weber and de Beaufort, 1931

Common Name (s)
• Spotted Trevelly (English)
• Mudahandi
• Maduthala
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal

Biogeography


• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumaran, M; Mohan, RSL and Murty, VS (1989) Other fin-fish resources Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 65-72 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1866/1/Article_04.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-06-01

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