Carapus homei   (Richardson,  1846) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

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Size: 75-200 mm.

Color: Translucent in life, becoming yellowish after preservation.

Head 7.3-7.8 in total length, depth of body 10.2-11.6 in total length. Eye diameter 4.3-4.6 in head, 0.8 in snout and slightly more than interorbital space. Maxilla free, reaching about 1/2 eye diameter behind eye. Width of head slightly more than half length of head. Width of body 1.6-1.8 in height. Vent in advance of a vertical through origin of pectoral fin. 3 elongate gill rakers on lower limb near angle, 2 knobs on upper limb and 3 knobs on lower limb. Fine teeth in one or two rows in upper jaw, a pair of teeth in front enlarged; teeth in lower jaw in 2-3 rows, outer row slightly larger. 3-4 large curved teeth on vomer with small teeth on either side. Palatines with a narrow band of conical teeth. Pectoral fin equal to half length of head or slightly longer. Dorsal fin narrower than anal, its origin about 3/4 length of head behind head.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Oxybeles homei Richardson, 1844
Oxybeles homei Richardson, 1855
Carapus homei Herre, 1941
Fieraster homei Day, 1888
Oxybelus Brandesii Bleeker, 1854
Fierasfer Homei Kaup, 1856
Fierasfer brandesii Bleeker, 1858
Fierasfer homei Steindachiner and Denkschr, 1900
Fierasfer homei Johnstone, 1904
Fierasfer homei Steindachner, 1906
Fierasfer homei Jordan and Seale, 1906
Fierasfer homei Jordan and Snyder, 1907
Fierasfer homei Gunther, 1909
Fierasfer homei M. Weber, 1913
Carapus homei Fowler, 1928
Carapus homei Fowler, 1928
Carapus homei Herre, 1939

Common Name (s)
• Billurimas
• Kokkaya Meen
Economic Importance and Threats



• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Beaufort, LF and Chapman, WM (1951) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 9 484 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-18

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