Carapus mourlani   (Petit,  1934) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: Max length 17.0 cm TL (male/unsexed)

Color: Translucent in life, becoming pale on preservation. Sides of head, underside of lower jaw and sides of body with brown spots, those behind eye larger.

Head 8.2, depth of body 12.5, both in total length. Eye diameter about 5.5 in head, 3.5 in postorbital length of head and a little more than interorbital space. Postorbital length of head 1.6 in head. Maxilla free, movable, reaching behind a vertical through hind border of eye. Width of head about half length of head. Width of body about 1.6 in its height. Vent slightly in front of a vertical through origin of pectoral fin. Three gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch near angle elongate, others short. Fine conical teeth in two series in upper jaw, a pair of short canines near symphysis. Teeth in lower jaw in two rows, outer row slightly larger. Three large curved teeth on vomer with smaller ones on either sides. A narrow band of conical teeth on palatines. Pectoral fin about three in head.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers.

Found in starfishes (mainly) eg. in the body cavity of Culcita novaguineae and holothurians, usually in a male-female pair.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Carapus homei (non Richardson, 1846)
(Misapplied name)
Carapus mayottae Smith, 1955
(Junior synonym)
Carapus mourlani (Petit, 1934)
(Senior synonym)
Carapus pindae Smith, 1955
(Junior synonym)
Carapus variegatus Fowler & Steinitz, 1956
(Ambiguous synonym)
Encheliophis mourlani (Petit, 1934)
(Senior synonym)
Fierasfer mourlani Petit, 1934
(Senior synonym)
Oxybeles lumbricoides Bleeker, 1854
(Ambiguous synonym)
Carapus mourlani Schultz, 1960

Common Name (s)
• Star Pearlfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Tinnakara INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System Available at -
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1970) New records of fishes from the seas around India - part VII Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 12(1-2) 187-196 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-02-18

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