Centropyge multispinis   (Playfair,  1867) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Pomacanthidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 14.0 cm TL (male)

Color: Blackish with several deep black transverse bands on sides. A black blotch below origin of lateral line and black band above base of anal. Dorsal blackish with 3 black bands. Anal similar with one or two black bands basally. Pectoral blackish. Ventral and caudal black, the latter with narrow hind edge.

Head 3.1-3.5 in standard length, 3.8-4.2 in total length. Depth of body 1.8-1.9 in standard length, 2.2-2.3 in total length. Eye diameter 3.0-3.4 in head, 1.0-1.1 in snout and 0.9-1.1 in convex interorbital space. Preorbital strongly dentate posteriorly. Interoperculum less than eye diameter, with 2-3 small backwardly directed spines. Preoperculum serrated, a long spine at angle and a smaller one below it. Lateral line terminating below end of spinous dorsal fin. Pectoral fin nearly equal to head. Ventral fin equal to pectoral or slightly longer.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XIV, 15-16; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 16; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 14-15; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 32-33; number of scale rows along the midside of body from the upper corner of operculum to the midbase of caudal fin in the absence of lateral line: 45-47; gill raker count: 4+1+14-15.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Centropyge bispinosus (non Gunther, 1860)
(Misapplied name)
Holacanthus multispinis Playfair, 1867
(Senior synonym)
Holacanthus multispinis Playfair, 1866
Centropyge multispinis Munro, 1955
Centropyge multispinus (Playfair, 1867)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Brown Pigmy Angelfish (English)
• Dusky Angelfish (English)
• Kalu
• Karipadatham
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium, Ornamental fish)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Benthic algae/weeds, other plants, hard corals, sponges/tunicates

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• SEYCHELLES
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Bay INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Ohman, M; Rajasuriya, A and Olafsson, E (1997) Reef fish assemblages in north western Sri Lanka: Distribution patterns and influences of fishing practises Enviornmental Biology of Fishes Kluwer Academic Publishers 49 45-61
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Kemp, JM (1998) Zoogeography of the coral reef fishes of the Socotra Archipelago Journal of Biogeography 25 919-933
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Chabanet, P and Patrick, D (2005) Reef Fish Inventory of Juan De Novas Natural Park (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean Journal Marine Sciences 2005 WIOMSA 4 145-162
  • Mark, SD and Jarvis, GE (2002) The impact of the 1998 coral mortality on reef fish communities in the Seychelles Marine Pollution Bulletin 44 309-321 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2003) Habitat distribution and species diversity of coral reef fishes in the reefslope of the Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 88-98 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7786/1/678-Mur.pdf
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2004) Community organization of reef fishes in the live coral sub-habitat of Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 51(1) 87-95 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/150/1/IJF_51_no.1_%2C2004_-_12.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3536/1/Special_Publication_No_72.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2001) Ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep Bulletins of the Geological Survey of India 56 103-111 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8574/1/Murty.pdf
  • (2011) Animal discoveries 2010 Zoological Survey of India 1-107 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/right_menu/Animal_disc/Animal%20Discovery%202010.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-08-12

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