Cephalopholis boenack   (Bloch,  1790) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 120-190 mm

Color: Yellowish brown, somewhat paler below. Cheek with bluish black spots. Undulating bluish black lines on head and sides of body sometimes continued on to vertical fin. Membranes of spinous dorsal tipped black. Pectoral and caudal dark brownish.

Head 2.5-2.6 in standard length, 3.1-3.2 in total length. Depth of body 2.7-2.9 in standard length, 3.4-3.6 in total length. Maxilla reaching to a vertical from the hind border of eye. Outer row of teeth in the upper and inner row of teeth in the lower jaw larger than others; a pair of moderate canines in each jaw near symphysis. Fourth or fifth dorsal fin spine longest, 1 ¾ eye diameter in length. Second anal fin spine longer than third, about equal to longest dorsal spine. Pectoral fin equal to postorbital part of head plus half eye diameter. Ventral fin about an eye diameter shorter than pectoral fin.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 16; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 8-9; number of rays in the pectoral fin: i, 16; number of spines and rays in the ventral fins: I, 5; number of scale rows along the midside of body from the upper corner of operculum to the midbase of caudal fin in the absence of lateral line: 94-106; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 12-15+1+30-34.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Bodianus boenack Bloch, 1790
Cephalopholis boenack Munro, 1955
Epinephelus boenack Weber and de Beaufort, 1931
Serranus boenack Day, 1878
Serranus boenack Day, 1875
Serranus boelang Valenciennes : Day, 1875

Common Name (s)
• Varianchammam
• Bluelined Coralcod (English)
• Bontoo (Telugu)
• Verri Cullawah (Tamil)
• Hekaru (Marathi)
• Gobra (Marathi)
• Chocolate Hind
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, Ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Coastal


• Goa, Aguada Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Suheli INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Goa, Panjim INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vedalai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Keelakarai INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Suppa, M; Suebsin, S; Suri, V and Songsirikul, T (1997) Checklist of fishes in Thailand Office of Environmental Policy and Planning 1-353 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Ansari, ZA; Chatterji, A; Ingole, BS; Sreepada, RA; Rivonkar, CU and Parulekar, AH (1995) Community structure and seasonal variation of an inshore demersal fish community at Goa, west coast of India Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 41 593-610 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Ansari, ZA; Sreepada, RA; Dalal, SG; Ingole, BS and Chatterji, A (2003) Environmental influences on the trawl catches in a bay-estuarine system of Goa, west coast of India Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 56(3-4) 503-515 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0272-7714(02)00201-9
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7786/1/678-Mur.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-17

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