Chaetodon melanotus [Status Unaccepted]   Bloch & Schneider,   1801 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 45-86 mm

Color: Upper part of body dark olivaceous, sides of head and body yellowish, sides with narrow oblique dark lines along scale rows formed by spots on scales; base of first four anal rays and back dark brown; a dark brown band from front of dorsal fin through eye meeting the one from the other side on chest, forming a blotch and a dark brown cross band on caudal peduncle. Dorsal and anal brownish yellow with a narrow dark submarginal band for soft portions of the fins, outer portion whitish. Pectoral and ventral yellowish. Caudal yellowish basally, white distally, the two colors separated by a dark vertical band.

Head 2.7-3.1 in standard length, 3.2-3.7 in total length. Depth of body 1.55-1.70 in standard length, 1.9-2.0 in total length. Eye diameter 3.0-3.1 in head, 0.9-1.0 in snout and also in convex interorbital space. Profile of snout somewhat concave. Lower border of eye somewhat above a level from the gape of mouth. Lateral line strongly ascending to below hind third of spinous dorsal and curving down and ending below posterior third of soft dorsal. Dorsal spines increasing in length to the fifth or sixth, it being longest, 2.2-2.3 eye diameter. Second anal spine longer than the third. Pectoral shorter than head, ventral equal to or slightly longer than pectoral.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XII, 20; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 8; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 15; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the midside of body from the upper corner of operculum to the midbase of caudal fin in the absence of lateral line: 36-38; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 6+14-15.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Chaetodon melanotus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Chaetodontops melanotus Munro, 1965
Chaetodon (Chaetodontops) melanotus Weber and de Beaufort, 1936

Common Name (s)
• Handupholimas
• Pakkikkadiya
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Mehdi, A; Yves, L; Michel, P and Salvat, B (1998) Factors influencing spatial distribution of fish communities an a fringing reef at Mauritius, S.W. Indian Ocean Environmental Biology of Fishes Kluwer Academic Publishers 53 169-182 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rodney, J (1985) Population fluctuations in some ornamental fishes and invertebrates off Sri Lanka Proceedings of the symposium on endangered marine animals and marine parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 1 355-366 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at -
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-05-31

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