Chaetodon meyeri   Bloch & Schneider,  1801 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Chaetodontidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: Max length 20.0 cm TL (male/unsexed)

Color: Pearly white, upper sides of head pale grayish, a dark spot between ventral fins and black stripes on head and body, one around the mouth, one from snout to lower edge of interopercle, one from nape through eye to cheek, one from second dorsal spine towards eye, one from below 4th and 5th dorsal spines continues as an intramarginal black band on dorsal across preopercle border and along base of ventral and passing posteriorly to base of anal, a stripe from pectoral base through upper edge of operculum to posterior dorsal spines, curving and descending to base of pectoral and side of body to caudal peduncle, a curved stripe from anterior half of soft dorsal towards pectoral and another originating from anterior dorsal rays curving backward to last dorsal rays and forward to base of pectoral. Soft anal with two black bands separated narrowly by white. Two black bands across caudal fin. Pectoral and ventral yellowish white.

Head 3.0-3.2 in standard length, 3.65-3.80 in total length. Depth of body 1.4-1.5 in standard length, 1.7-1.8 in total length. Eye diameter 3.7-3.8 in head, 1.3-1.4 in snout and about 1.2-1.3 in convex interorbital space. Lateral line convexly rounded till below last dorsal fin spine and then obliquely downwards and ending below posterior third of soft dorsal fin. Spinous dorsal fin gradually increasing in length, 6th or 7th spine longest, posterior spines lightly shorter. Second and third anal fin spines equal in length. Pectoral fin slightly shorter than head, ventral fin shorter than pectoral.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XII, 24; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 20; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 17; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the midside of body from the upper corner of operculum to the midbase of caudal fin in the absence of lateral line: 52; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 9+26.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Distinct pairing.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Chaetodon meyeri Bloch & Schneider, 1801
(Senior synonym)
Holacanthus flavoniger Lacepede, 1802
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon meyeri Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Chaetodon (Citharoedus) meyeri Weber and de Beaufort, 1936

Common Name (s)
• Meyers Butterflyfish (English)
• Scrawled Butterflyfish (English)
• Pakkikkadiya (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
(Fisheries, aquarium; ornamental fish)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Coral polyps

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• SEYCHELLES
• MAURITIUS
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Rao, DV and Devi, K (2004) A pictorial guide to butterfly and anemone fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands 76 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Chabanet, P and Patrick, D (2005) Reef Fish Inventory of Juan De Novas Natural Park (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean Journal Marine Sciences 2005 WIOMSA 4 145-162
  • Pereira, MAM and Videira, EJS (2005) Distribution and Community Structure of Butterflyfishes Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science WIOMSA 1 39-46 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Mark, SD and Jarvis, GE (2002) The impact of the 1998 coral mortality on reef fish communities in the Seychelles Marine Pollution Bulletin 44 309-321 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Wall, F (1910) A popular treatise on the common Indian snakes Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society BNHS Part XIII with 65-79
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1965) New records of fishes from the seas around India - Part II Journal of Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 7(1) 108-123 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/881/1/Article_11.pdf
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3536/1/Special_Publication_No_72.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2001) Ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep Bulletins of the Geological Survey of India 56 103-111 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8574/1/Murty.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-06-28

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