Chaetodon xanthocephalus   Bennett,  1833 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Chaetodontidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 20.0 cm TL (male)

Color: Yellowish white with bluish tinge, 5-6 narrow dark subvertical streaks on sides, a dark band across eye disappearing with age and an indistinct dark area in front of eye. Dorsal and anal fins dark violet, more so posteriorly; bases yellowish, edges white. Caudal light bluish, blackish longitudinal streaks between median rays, upper and lower border yellowish, posterior margin white. Pectoral and ventral yellowish white.

Head 2.8-3.3 in standard length, 3.5-4.0 in total length. Depth of body 1.6-1.7 in standard length, 1.85-2.00 in total length. Eye diameter 3.7-4.6 in head, 1.4-1.8 in snout and 1.2-1.3 in highly convex interorbital space. Pectoral fin about ½ length of snout shorter than head; ventral fin slightly shorter than pectoral. Dorsal fin spines strong, increasing in length to the last. 3rd anal fin spine slightly longer than 2nd.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XIII-XIV, 24-27; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 22-24; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 16; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the midside of body from the upper corner of operculum to the midbase of caudal fin in the absence of lateral line: 38-42; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 9+19-21.

Oviparous, monogamous, dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Distinct pairing.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Chaetodon auromarginatus Bliss, 1883
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon dayi Ahl, 1923
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon nigripinnatus Desjardins, 1836
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon nigripinnis Peters, 1855
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon xanthocephalus Bennett, 1833
(Senior synonym)
Chelmo pulcher Steindachner, 1875
(Junior synonym)
Tetragonoptrus pulcher (Steindachner, 1875)
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon xanthocephalus Bennett, 1832
Rhabdophorus xanthocephalus Munro, 1955
Chaetodon xanthoicephalus Bennett, 1833
(Misspelling)
Choetodon nigripinnatus Desjardins, 1836
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Yellowheaded Butterflyfish (English)
• Handupholimas (Mahl)
• Rhindukokka (Mahl)
• Manhappakkikkadiya (Malayalam)
• Pakkikkadiya (Malayalam)
• Yellow-headed Coralfish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium, Ornamental fish)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Benthic algae/weeds, other plants, zoobenthos

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep (Lat: 11) (Long: 72.5) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• SEYCHELLES
• SRI LANKA
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti Island (Lat: 10.85) (Long: 78.46) INDIA (Record: 03/1954)
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
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  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Balan, V (1958) Notes on a visit to certain islands of the Laccadive Archipelago, with special reference to fisheries Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 55 (2) 297-306 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/6009/1/1.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7786/1/678-Mur.pdf
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  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2004) Community organization of reef fishes in the live coral sub-habitat of Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 51(1) 87-95 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/150/1/IJF_51_no.1_%2C2004_-_12.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3536/1/Special_Publication_No_72.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
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Page last updated on:2011-12-02

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