Chromis ternatensis   (Bleeker,  1856) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 10-14.4 cm.

Color: Golden brown with greenish tinge above, yellowish to pale on sides and belly. Spinous dorsal brownish with dark edges. Soft dorsal and anal dusky basally, pale distally. Median caudal rays pale yellowish, the lobes deep brown. Ventral pale to dusky. Pectoral pale with upper rays slightly brownish.

Head 3.1-3.4 in standard length, 4.3-4.6 in total length. Depth of body 2.0-2.2 in standard length, 2.7-3.0 in total length. Eye diameter 2.7-3.0 in head, 0.7-0.8 in snout and equal to convex interorbital space. Teeth in jaws conical, the outer row enlarged. Pectoral fin equal to head. Ventral fin with the first ray produced, equal to or slightly longer than pectoral fin. Caudal fin lobes somewhat filamentous. None of the opercular bones serrated.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XII, 10-11; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, (10) 11; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 15-16; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 15-16+9-10; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+8-9.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Chromis caeruleus (Cuvier, 1830)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Chromis philippinus Fowler, 1918
(Junior synonym)
Heliases caeruleus Cuvier, 1830
(Ambiguous synonym)
Heliases ternatensis Bleeker, 1856
(Senior synonym)
Heliases ternatensis Bleeker, 1856
Chromis ternatensis de Beaufort, 1940
Heliases ternatensis Bleeker, 1856
Heliastes ternatensis Gunther, 1862
Heliases amboinensis Bleeker, 1871
Chromis ternatensis Bleeker, 1877
Chromis philippinus Fowler, 1918
Chromis ternatensis Montalban, 1927
Chromis ternatensis Fowler and Bean, 1928
Chromis ternatensis Fowler, 1928
Chromis coeruleus (Cuvier, 1830)
Chromis ternatense (Bleeker, 1856)

Common Name (s)
• Ternate Chromis (English)
• Barakkotti (Malayalam)
• Nilamahi
• Greenish Puller
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium, bait fish)
Cultured:  Unknown

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Planktonic invertebrates
Predator:  Bony fishes of the family Serranidae eg. Plectropomus leopardus


• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Suheli INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Tinnakara INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Smith Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Chabanet, P and Patrick, D (2005) Reef Fish Inventory of Juan De Novas Natural Park (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean Journal Marine Sciences 2005 WIOMSA 4 145-162
  • Mark, SD and Jarvis, GE (2002) The impact of the 1998 coral mortality on reef fish communities in the Seychelles Marine Pollution Bulletin 44 309-321 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Garpe, KC and Ohman, MC (2003) Coral and fish distribution patterns in Mafia Island marine park Tanzania fish habitat interactions Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers 498 191-211 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at -
  • Proceeding of the national conference on tunas (1989) Present status of tuna fisheries of Lakshadweep Available at -
  • (2011) Animal discoveries 2010 Zoological Survey of India 1-107 Available at -
  • Silas, EG and Pillai, PP (1982) Bait fishes Resources of tunas and related species and their fisheries in the Indian Ocean, CMFRI Bulletin, 32 CMFRI 32 136-140 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-02

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