Amphiprion bicinctus   Ruppell,  1830 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Pomacentridae

Image copyrights: Kochzius, M

Description
Size: 13.6-14 cm.

Color: Yellow orange with 2 black-edged white bands, the first running just behind the head, the second from the notch between the spinous and soft dorsal fin to the abdomen.

Head 3.0-3.3 in standard length, 3.9-4.3 in total length. Depth of body 1.9-2.1 in standard length, 2.4-2.8 in total length. Eye diameter 3.0-3.4 in head, 0.6-0.9 in snout and 1.0-1.2 in convex interorbital space. Mouth oblique, maxillary scarcely reaching to below front border of eye. Teeth in a single series in jaws. Preopercle denticulated behind. Preorbital with 2 spines, suborbital, opercle, subopercle and interopercle strongly serrated. Scales on head reaching to a line from hind border of eye; about 20 predorsal scales. Third and fourth dorsal spines longest, about 1.5 eye diameter. Pectoral fin 1/3 snout shorter than head. Ventral fin equal to head or slightly longer.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: X, 15-16; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, 13-14; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 17; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 36-39; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 6-7+1+20-21.

Protandrous, monogamous, external fertilization, guarders, nesters. Oviparous, with elliptical eggs.

Associated with the anemones: Entacmaea quadricolor, Heteractis aurora, Heteractis crispa, Heteractis magnifica, and Stichodactyla gigantea. Has been reared in captivity.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Amphiprion bicinctus Ruppell, 1830
(Senior synonym)
Amphiprion bicinctus Ruppell, 1828
Amphiprion clarkii Day, 1878
Anthia polymnus Bloch, 1792
Anthias clarkii Bennett, 1830
Amphiprion polymnus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Sparus milii Bory, 1831
Amphiprion clarckii Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1833
Amphiprion japonicus Schlegel, 1843
Amphiprion chrysargurus Richardson, 1846
Amphiprion xanthurus Bleeker, 1852
Amphiprion milii Thiolliere, 1856
Amphiprion polymnus Steindachner, 1861
Amphiprion clarki Gunther, 1862
Amphiprion clarckii Bleeker, 1863
Amphiprion clarkii Kner, 1867
Amphiprion bicinctus Gunther, 1866
Amphiprion xanthurus Jouan, 1867
Amphiprion bicinctus Klunzinger, 1871
Amphiprion boholensis Cartier, 1874
Amphiprion clarkii var. japonicus von Martens, 1876
Prochilus polymnus Bleeker, 1877
Prochilus xanthurus Bleeker, 1878
Amphiprion ephippium var. clarkii Gunther, 1881
Amphiprion clarkii Macleay, 1881
Amphiprion papuensis Macleay, 1883
Amphiprion clarkii Gunther, 1887
Amphiprion ephippium Day, 1889
Amphiprion xanthurus Sauvage, 1891
Amphiprion ephippium var. clarki Steindachner, 1901
Amphiprion bicinctus Seale, 1901
Amphiprion polymnus Jordan and Seale, 1902
Amphiprion polymnus Jordan and Seale, 1905
Amphiprion polymnus Steindachner, 1906
Amphiprion polymnus Jordan and Seale, 1907
Amphiprion chrysopterus Jordan and Dickerson, 1908
Amphiprion japonicus Jordan, Tanaka and Snyder, 1913
Amphiprion polymnus Whitely, 1926
Amphiprion polymnus Montalban, 1927
Amphiprion papuensis Whitely, 1928
Amphiprion polymnus Fowler and Bean, 1928
Amphiprion polymnus Fowler, 1928
Amphiprion papuensis Whitley, 1929
Amphiprion milii McCulloch, 1929
Amphiprion polymnus Verwey, 1930

Common Name (s)
• Sebea Clownfish (English)
• Two Banded Anemonefish (English)
• Twoband Anemonefish (English)
• Maugandumas (Mahl)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Plants, benthic algae/weeds, zooplankton, other planktonic invertebrates

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Campbell Bay INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Rouphael, T; Turak, E and Jon, B Seagrasses and mangroves of Yemen's Red Sea 41-89
  • Chadwick, NE and Arvdelund, M (2005) Abundance of giant sea anemones and patterns of association with anemonefish in the northern Red Sea Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 85 (5) 1287-1292
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Madhu, R and Madhu, K (2007) Occurrence of anemonefishes and host sea anemones in Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 49(2) 118-126 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1866/1/Article_04.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-06-02

Back to Search