Amphiprion chrysogaster   Cuvier,  1830 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Pomacentridae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 15.0 cm TL (male)

Color: Dark brown, snout and thorax yellowish white; three white transverse bars on head and body, the first from nape across opercle, the second from last two dorsal spines and first two or three anterior rays of soft dorsal to anus and origin of anal fin, the third on caudal peduncle. Dorsal dark brown except the last two dorsal spines and first tow or three rays, these being white, anal pale to yellowish, ventral yellowish to dusky. Pectoral yellowish, base dark brown. Base, distal and outer edges of caudal white, central portion dusky brown.

Head 3.1-3.2 in standard length, 4.1-4.2 in total length. Depth of body 2.0-2.1 in standard length, 2.5-2.6 in total length. Eye diameter 2.4-2.5 in head, 0.6 in snout and 0.9 in interorbital space. Teeth in a single series in either jaw. Preopercle finely serrate behind. Opercle, subopercle and interopercle strongly serrated. Pectoral fin shorter than head. Ventral fin slightly longer than head.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: X, 16; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, 13-14; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 17-18; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 40-41; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 6+1+20.

Protandrous, external fertilization, guarders, nesters.

Associated with the anemones: Heteractis aurora, Heteractis magnifica, Macrodactyla doreensis, Stichodactyla haddoni, and Stichodactyla mertensii.

Has been reared in captivity.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Amphiprion chryogaster Cuvier, 1830
(Senior synonym)
Amphiprion fusciventer Bennett, 1832
(Junior synonym)
Amphiprion mauritiensis Schultz, 1953
(Junior synonym)
Amphiprion fusciventer Bennett, 1832
Amphiprion mauritiensis Schultz, 1953
Amphiprion chryogaster Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830

Common Name (s)
• Maugandumas (Mahl)
• Orange Fin Anemonefish (English)
• Mauritian Anemone Fish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Plants, benthic algae/weeds, zooplankton, other planktonic invertebrates

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Campbell Bay INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• MAURITIUS
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/ index/
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Pyle, RL (1990) Rare and unusual marines. The Mauritian clownfish Amphiprion chrysogaster Cuvier Freshwater and Marine Aquarium 13(12) 64-179 Available at - ZOOR12700034884
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Madhu, R and Madhu, K (2007) Occurrence of anemonefishes and host sea anemones in Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 49(2) 118-126 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1964) New records of fishes from the seas around India - Part I Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 6(2) 285-306 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1507/1/Jones_285-306.pdf
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2004) Community organization of reef fishes in the live coral sub-habitat of Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 51(1) 87-95 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/150/1/IJF_51_no.1_%2C2004_-_12.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-09

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