Antennarius nummifer   (Cuvier ,  1817) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, JE

Size: 10-13 cm.

Color: Reddish brown with irregular dark markings on sides. Dark lines radiating from eye. A large black ocellus edged white at base of 6th to 9th rays of dorsal, a light blotch with a dark center below the black blotch, another similar one on caudal peduncle and small irregular blotches above pectoral. Fins with black spots.

Head 1.9 in standard length, 2.4 in total length. Depth of body 1.8 in standard length, 2.3 in total length. Eye diameter about 12.0 in head, 2.2 in snout and 2.8 in interorbital space. Skin rough, covered with small spines. Cutaneous fringes on head and above pectoral. First dorsal spine as long as second spine and ending in a knob with small tentacles. Second spine half as long as third spine and separated from the latter by a smooth pit. Third spine attached to soft fin with a membrane. Two posterior rays of dorsal forked. First ray of anal simple, other rays forked. Pectoral rays unbranched. Last ventral ray deeply forked.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: 1+1+1+12; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: 7; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 13; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: 5.

Oviparous. Eggs are bound in ribbon-like sheath or mass of gelatinous mucus called 'egg raft' or 'veil'.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Antennarius japonicus Schultz, 1964
(Junior synonym)
Antennarius nummifer (Cuvier, 1817)
(Senior synonym)
Chironectes chlorostygma Valenciennes, 1837
(Junior synonym)
Antennarius sanguifluus Jordan, 1902
(Junior synonym)
Chironectes nummifer Cuvier, 1817
(Senior Synonym)
Antennarius nummifer Day, 1878
Chironectes nummifer Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1837
Chironectes nummifer Ruppell, 1835
Antennarius nummifer Gunther, 1861
Antennarius nummifer Day, 1865
Antennarius nummifer Bleeker, 1865
Antennarius nummifer Klunzinger, 1871
Antennarius nummifer Day, 1876
Antennarius nummifer Gunther, 1876
Antennarius nummifer Klunzinger, 1884
Antennarius nummifer Steindachner, 1901
Antennarius nummifer Annandale and Jenkins, 1910
Antennarius nummifer M. Weber, 1913
Antennarius nummifer Fowler, 1928
Antennarius nummifer Pietschmann, 1930
Antennarius nummifer Munro, 1955
Antennarius nummifer Schultz, 1957
Antennarius mummifer (Cuvier, 1817)

Common Name (s)
• Coin Bearing Frogfish (English)
• Dark Spotted Frogfish (English)
• Opulent Frogfish (English)
• Spotfin Angler (English)
• Spotfin Anglerfish (English)
• Spotfin Frogfish (English)
• White Finger Anglerfish (English)
• Ocellated Fringed Fishing Frog (English)
• Gouthere Mas (Mahl)
• Fringed Frogfish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Persian Gulf
• Red Sea
• Kerala INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - index/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Day, F (1981) The fishes of Malabar 1-281 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-29

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