Coris formosa   (Bennett,  1830) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 60.0 cm TL (male)

Color: Yellowish with greenish tinge, lighter below with large blackish spots on body behind pectoral fin. Head with bluish violet bands, one band from upper lip to eye, one from eye to interorbital space meeting that of the other side and one from behind eye to base of first dorsal spine and another band from below preopercle to corner of mouth, curved obliquely below eye and running towards the base of second spine of dorsal. Hind border of operculum with a oblique band. Dorsal and anal fins light yellowish brown, basal half with dark spots, a median bluish brown band, outer portion of this with greenish brown spots and streaks, distal margin with narrow dark brown band leaving the tips of rays narrowly whitish. Caudal brown basally with dark spots, a red cross band in the middle and the posterior third pale yellowish. Pectoral and ventral pale yellowish, the latter with brownish outer margin.

Head 3.3-3.5 in standard length, 3.8-4.0 in total length. Depth of body 3.2-3.5 in standard length, 3.7-4.1 in total length. Eye diameter 7.0-7.3 in head, 2.2-2.6 in snout and 1.3-1.6 in highly convex interorbital space. Teeth conical in a single series in jaws becoming larger anteriorly, the anterior two in each jaw canines. Pectoral fin longer than head without snout. Ventral fin equal to or longer than pectoral fin. First spine of dorsal fin elongated, as long as head, the second longer than the remaining spines.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 12; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 12; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 11; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 73-80; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 7-8+1+30-31.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Coris frerei Gunther, 1867
(Junior synonym)
Coris halei Day, 1888
(Junior synonym)
Labrus formosus Bennett, 1830
(Senior synonym)
Labrus formosus Bennett, 1834
Coris formosa Day, 1878
Coris gaimard Smith, 1949
Coris gaimardi de Beaufort, 1940
Coris freri Gunther, 1867

Common Name (s)
• Red Wrasse (English)
• Queen Coris (English)
• Didanagihikkae (Mahl)
• Kodiyan Nhola (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium, ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Crustaceans, mollusks, sea urchins


• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Karnataka, Netrani Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2003) Habitat distribution and species diversity of coral reef fishes in the reefslope of the Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 88-98 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at -
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2004) Community organization of reef fishes in the live coral sub-habitat of Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 51(1) 87-95 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at -
  • Thomas, S; Sreeram, MP; Kakati, VS; Manisseri, MK and George, RM (2011) Coral fish diversity in Netrani waters off Murudeshwar Karnataka, south India Indian journal of fisheries CMFRI 58(1) 45-51 Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at -
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-07

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