Apogonichthys ocellatus   (Weber,  1913) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Apogonidae

Image copyrights: Randall, JE

Description
Max. size: 6.0 cm TL

Color: Brown with a dark brown band from eye to angle of preopercle. A black light edged ocellus between 3rd or 4th and 7th spines of first dorsal. Second dorsal with three brownish longitudinal bands. Pectoral spotted. Caudal brownish; ventral, second dorsal and caudal with white edges.

Head 2.4-2.5 in standard length, 3.1-3.2 in total length. Depth of body 2.8-2.9 in standard length, 3.6-3.7 in total length. Eye diameter 3.6-3.8 in head, 0.7 in snout and about 0.6 in interorbital space. Villiform teeth in bands in jaws and a double row of teeth on vomer. No palatine teeth. None of the opercles serrated. A long membranous flap at front of anterior nostril. Maxilla reaching below hind border of eye. First dorsal fin spine short, second equal to or slightly longer than half length of third. Pectoral fin equal to postorbital part of head plus half eye diameter, ventral fin equal to or a little longer than postorbital part of head.
Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: VII; number of spines and rays in the second dorsal fin: I, 9; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, 8; number of rays in the pectoral fin: i, 13; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 24; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+6.

Dioecious, external fertilization. Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Apogon ocellatus Weber, 1913
Apogonichthys ahimsa (non Whitley) 1959
(Misapplied Name)
Apogonichthys ocellatus (Weber) 1913
(Senior Synonym)
Apogonichthys ocellatus Smith 1961

Common Name (s)
• Poothanachala (Malayalam)
• Ocellated Cardinalfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA (Record: 2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2003)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Kerala INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chidiya Tapu INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1964) New records of fishes from the seas around India - Part I Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 6(2) 285-306 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1507/1/Jones_285-306.pdf
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Rao, DV; Rajan, PT and Devi K (1992) New records of groupers (Family: Serranidae) and cardinal fishes (Family: Apogonidae) from Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman science association, Port Blair 8(1) 47-52 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-05-03

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