Apolemichthys trimaculatus   (Cuvier,  1831) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Pomacanthidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 26 cm.

Color: Overall color is bright yellow with a broad black band on the edge of the anal fin and a broad white zone above it. A black spot is on the forehead and a ocellated dark spot just behind the head; the lips are blue. Juveniles have a false eye-spot at the base of the soft dorsal fin and a thin black line over the head, running through the eye.

Body short and deep, and strongly compressed. Preorbital bone convex and without strong spines. Dorsal spines (total): 14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16 - 18; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 17 - 19.
Feeds mainly on sponges and tunicates.


Synonym (s)
Holacanthus trimaculatus Cuvier, 1831
(senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Threespot angelfish (English)
• Three spot angel (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; aquarium)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Sandy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Sponges and tunicates.

Biogeography


• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/ index/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Toman Gerd (1977) Digenetic trematode of marine teleost fishes from the Seychelles, Indian Ocean. 1. Family Angiodictyidae Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico Instituto de Biologia Publicaciones Especiales 4 335-341 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Chabanet, P and Patrick, D (2005) Reef Fish Inventory of Juan De Novas Natural Park (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean Journal Marine Sciences 2005 WIOMSA 4 145-162
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Pillai, NGK (1995) Studies on some aspects of biology and ecology of coral reef fishes of Lakshadweep with observations on other coral reef ecosystems of India Mariculture Research under the Postgraduate Programme in Mariculture - Part 6 CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 61 99-111 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3467/1/Special_Publication_No_61.pdf

Page last updated on:2010-12-15

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