Halichoeres centriquadrus   (Lacepede,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Labridae

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Description
Size: 88-195 mm

Color: Brown above and yellowish below. Scales of body excepting undersides of pectoral, belly and below the creamy patch of dorsal with a brownish vertical stripe. Some oblique bluish bands on head. A creamy white area around the base of fourth dorsal spine and an elongate black blotch behind upto eighth spine, these colors extending below the fin on body. Dorsal and anal creamy white. Oblique bluish bands with dark margins on dorsal. Axil of pectoral black. Caudal often with pale vertical bands.

Head 2.9-3.1 in standard length, 3.6-3.8 in total length. Depth of body 2.8-3.2 in standard length, 3.5-3.9 in total length. Snout 2.4-2.7 in head. Eye diameter 2.2-2.7 in snout and 1.4-1.7 in highly convex interorbital space. Teeth in a single row in jaws. Canines in lower jaw directed forwards. Anterior pair of canines in the upper jaw directed forwards and the posterior pair curved outwards and backwards. A canine at corner of mouth. Pectoral fin equal to or more than length of head without snout. First ray of ventral fin produced. Lateral line continuous.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 11; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 11; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 12; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 26-27; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 3+1+9.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Labrus centiquadrus Lacepede, 1802
Halichoeres centiquadrus de Beaufort, 1940
Halichoeres centriquadrus Smith, 1949
Hemitautoga centriquadrus Munro, 1955
Platyglossus hortulanus Day, 1878

Common Name (s)
• Kunauhikkae
• Nhola
• Payathalayan
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Atoll (Lat: 8) (Long: 71) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Pillai, CSG; Gopakumar, G and Mohan, M (1991) Ichthyofauna of the intertidal reef flats of Minicoy atoll, Lakshadweep An analysis of its structure, relative abundance and food Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine Biological Association of India 34 74-83 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2003) Habitat distribution and species diversity of coral reef fishes in the reefslope of the Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 88-98 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7786/1/678-Mur.pdf
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1866/1/Article_04.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2001) Ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep Bulletins of the Geological Survey of India 56 103-111 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8574/1/Murty.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-06-28

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