Leiuranus semicinctus   (Lay and Bennett,  1839) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 66.0 cm.

Color: Pale yellowish white with 23-33 dark brown cross bands extending on to dorsal fin; bands generally broader than interspaces and not meeting ventrally, but sometimes meeting behind vent along mid-ventral line in juveniles.

Head 12.6-14.2, depth of body 44.5-54.0, both in total length. Head 5.5-6.3 in trunk. Head and trunk slightly shorter or longer than tail. Tip of snout to rictus 3.0-3.4 in trunk. Eye diameter 11.5-13.5 in head, 2.0-2.7 in snout and 1.6-1.8 in interorbital space. Snout pointed, much projecting beyond the tip of lower jaw. Anterior nostrils tubular, on lower surface of snout; posterior nostrils in the upper lip, below the eye. Teeth conical, in a single series in jaws; a few teeth on intermaxillary; teeth generally absent on vomer. Dorsal fin origin slightly behind a level from the gill opening; dorsal and anal fin low and not confluent around tail; caudal fin wanting. Pectoral fin longer than eye diameter.

Dioecious, external fertilization. Rises to the surface to spawn. Once there, one or more males may seize a female by the back of the neck and remain attached for hours before spawning occurs.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Leiuranus colubrinus (non Boddaert, 1781)
(Misapplied name)
Leiuranus phoenixensis (Schultz, 1943)
(Junior synonym)
Machaerenchelys phoenixensis Schultz, 1943
(Junior synonym)
Machaerenchelys vanderbilti Fowler, 1938
(Junior synonym)
Ophisurus semicinctus Lay & Bennett, 1839
(Senior synonym)
Ophisurus (Sphagebranchus) vimineus Richardson, 1845
Stethopterus vimineus Bleeker, 1852
Leiuranus lacepedii Bleeker, 1852
Leiuranus colubrinus Kaup, 1856
Leiuranus colubrinus Bleeker, 1865
Leiuranus colubrinus Kner, 1867
Liuranus semicinctus Gunther, 1870
Ophichthys cobra de Vis, 1884
Leiuranus semicinctus Jordan and Snyder, 1901
Leiuranus semicinctus Jordan and Evermann, 1905
Leiuranus phoenixensis Smith, 1962
Leiuranus semicinctus Weber and de Beaufort, 1916
Liuranus semicinctus (Lay & Bennett, 1839)
Leiuranus semicinctus (Lay & Bennett, 1839)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Culverin (English)
• Halfbanded Snake Eel (English)
• Saddled Snake Eel (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Sandy
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes, crabs, prawns


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Suheli INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/ index/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Deraniyagala, PEP (1952) A Colored Atlas of some vertebrates from Ceylon Ceylon National Museum Publication 1 1-149 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1916) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A.J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 3 455 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-18

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