Lepidozygus tapeinosoma   (Bleeker,  1856) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Pomacentridae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 10 cm.

Color: Olive to purplish on back becoming somewhat reddish on the lower sides of head, chest and abdomen. Dorsal bluish brown with orange colored oblique stripes and hind 2-3 rays orange. Anal bluish brown with horizontal orange colored stripes. Pectoral and ventral pinkish. Caudal lobes brownish, hind part of the fin orange. Upper part of head with pale spots. In another color variety, the dorsal fin is completely bluish brown with orange oblique stripes and the caudal is brownish, the hind part of the fork only slightly lighter. The hind rays of dorsal and inside the fork of caudal are not orange colored as in the other variety.

Head 3.2-3.8 in standard length, 4.5-5.4 in total length. Depth of body 2.8-3.2 in standard length, 3.6-4.3 in total length. Eye diameter 3.4-4.0 in head, 0.6-0.9 in snout and 1.0-1.2 in convex interorbital space. Hind margin of preopercle finely serrated. 17-18 gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch. Mouth oblique. Maxillary reaching to below front border of eye. Scales on upper part of head reaching to between nostrils. Preorbital without scales. Suborbital scaly posteriorly. Five to six transverse rows of scales on preopercle. The last 8 dorsal spines are subequal and somewhat longer than the others. Soft dorsal obtusely rounded, slightly higher than spinous part. Second anal spine slightly longer than eye. Soft anal similar to soft dorsal. Pectorals and ventrals equal to or slightly shorter than head. A single series of somewhat conical teeth in jaws. Caudal fin deeply forked, the lobes somewhat filamentous. Pectoral fin slightly shorter than head. Ventral fin with the first ray produced, equal to or slightly shorter than head.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XII, 14-15; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, 14-16; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 19-20; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 18-20+13-16; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 3+1+9-10.

Highly variable in color, and able to change quickly, relating to behavior. When feeding on plankton above reefs it is silvery green, and darkens when sheltering on the reefs and shows a banded pattern when guarding eggs.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Daya jerdoni Jones and Kumaran, 1959
Pomacentrus tapeinosoma Bleeker, 1855
Lepidozygus anthioides Smith, 1956
(Junior synonym)
Pomacentrus tapeinosoma Bleeker, 1856
(Senior synonym)
Pomacentrus tapeinosoma Bleeker, 1856
Lepidozygus anthioides Smith, 1955
Lepidozygus tapeinosoma de Beaufort, 1940
Pomacentrus tapeinosoma Bleeker, 1855
Lepidozygus tapeinosoma Gunther, 1862
Lepidozygus tapeinosoma Fowler and Bean, 1928
Lepidozygus tapienosoma (Bleeker, 1856)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Fusilier Damselfish (English)
• Bureki (Mahl)
• Maujahibureki (Mahl)
• Slender Demoiselle
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium. Used as bait in the tuna fishery.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zooplankton

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Minicoy (Lat: 8.28) (Long: 73.03) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Perumul Par INDIA (Record: 01/1988-02/1988)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• SEYCHELLES
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA (Record: 10/1986-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 10/1986-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 10/1986-03/1987)
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Pillai, PP; Gopakumar, G and Said Koya, KP (2002) Spatial distribution pattern and biology of tuna live-bait fishes in Lakshadweep Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 231-236 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gopakumar, G; Pillai, PP and Koya, KPS (1991) Population characteristics of Tuna live baits in Laksahadweep Journal of marine biological association of India CMFRI, Kochi 33(1&2) 255-277 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Kumaran, M; Pillai, PP; Mohan, RSL; Murty, VS and Gopakumar, G (1989) Live-bait resources and development Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 39-45 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Varghese, G and Shanmugham, P (1983) The status of tuna fishery in Agatti island in Lakshadweep Journal of marine biological association of India The marine biological association of india 25(1&2) 190-201 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Proceeding of the national conference on tunas (1989) Present status of tuna fisheries of Lakshadweep Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/5096/
  • Silas, EG and Pillai, PP (1982) Bait fishes Resources of tunas and related species and their fisheries in the Indian Ocean, CMFRI Bulletin, 32 CMFRI 32 136-140 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/806/1/Bulletin_No_32.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-02

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