Galeocerdo cuvieri [Status Unaccepted]   (Peron & Lesueur,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Elasmobranchii
Order:Carcharhiniformes
Family:Carcharhinidae

Image copyrights: Animal Pictures Archive

Description
Size: 750 cm TL

Max. published weight: 807.4 kg

Color: Grey above with vertical dark grey to black bars and spots which appear faded in adults, white below.

A huge, vertical tiger-striped shark with a broad, bluntly rounded snout. Body rather elongate, tapering; deepening with age. Mouth cresentic. Head depressed. Head 4.2-4.6 to subcaudal origin. Depth of body 4.7-5.2 to subcaudal origin. Snout about 3 in head. Interorbital space 1.55 in head. Eye 9.8-10.0 in head. Small spiracles present. nictitating membrane present. gill openings about half length of snout. Inclined, somewhat triangular teeth with serrated edges in both jaws. Caudal with notch at base, both above and below. First dorsal origin midway between tip of snout and second dorsal origin. Second dorsal and anal moderate, of equal size and situated approximately opposite. Second dorsal twice nearer to base of caudal than to first dorsal. Pectoral 1.2-1.3 times height of first dorsal.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Galeocerdo cuvier Smith, 1949
Galeocerdo rayneri Day, 1878
Galeocerdo rayneri MacDonald & Barrow, 1878
Galeocerdo tigrinus Day, 1878
Squalus cuvier Le Seuer, 1822
Squalus cuvieri Le Sueur, 1822
Galeocerda cuvieri Munro, 1955

Common Name (s)
• Tiger Shark (English)
• Waghbeer (Kannada)
• Pullia (Kannada)
• Kalla Sravu (Malayalam)
• Kalvari (Malayalam)
• Bhoovar (Marathi)
• Kurangu Sorrah (Tamil)
• Vulluvan Sorrah (Tamil)
• Kethalam Sorrah (Telugu)
• Vorimiyaru
• Valiyasurav
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, gamefish
Traumatogenic)

Ecology
Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Sharks, bony fishes
IUCN Status:  Near Threatened

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep (Lat: 8) (Long: 75) INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Record: 2000-2002)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep Sea INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Venkateswarlu, T and Rama Rao, KV (1986) Valid scientific names to Day's fish fauna of India Miscellaneous publication, occasional paper no 87 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI p 48 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Suppa, M; Suebsin, S; Suri, V and Songsirikul, T (1997) Checklist of fishes in Thailand Office of Environmental Policy and Planning 1-353 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Joshi, KK; Balachandran, K and Raje, SG (2008) Changes in the shark fishery at Cochin Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 103-105 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Animal Photo Album Available at - http://www.animalpicturesarchive.com/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Hanfee, F (1999) Management of shark fisheries in two Indian coastal states: Tamil Nadu and Kerala Case studies of the management of elasmobranch fisheries. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 378 Rome, FAO Part 1 (11) Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/X2097E/X2097E14.htm#ch11.
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/808/1/Bulletin_No_33.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-28

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