Gobiodon citrinus   (Ruppell,  1838) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Gobiidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 5.1-6.6 cm.

Color: Body and fins yellow to orange. Four transverse bluish lines, one from eye to maxillary, the second from eye to preopercle, the third from front of dorsal to middle of border of operculum and the fourth on base of pectoral. A black spot at upper edge of operculum. Base of dorsal fins and anal with blue longitudinal band.

Body compressed. Head 3.1-3.3 in standard length, 4.2-4.3 in total length. Depth of body 2.4-2.6 in standard length, 3.3-3.5 in total length. Eye diameter 3.4-3.6 in head, 0.9-1.0 in snout and equal to interorbital space. Maxillary reaching to beyond front border of pupil. A few rows of teeth in jaws, outer row enlarged; 3 or 4 canines on each side of symphysis in lower jaw. Gill opening not reaching to before lower rays of pectoral fin. First dorsal spine subequal with 2 to 4 spines. Pectoral fin slightly longer than head.
Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: VI; number of spines and rays in the second dorsal fin: I, 10; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: I, 9; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 19-20.

Associated with colonies of broadly branched corals (Acropora spp.); a coral-commensal species. Has been reared in captivity.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Gobius citrinus Ruppell, 1830
Gobius citrinus Ruppell, 1838
Gobiodon citrinus Day, 1878
Gobiodon citrinus (Ruppell, 1838)
(Senior synonym)
Gobiodon hypselopterus Bleeker, 1875
(Junior synonym)
Gobius citrinus Ruppell, 1838
(Senior synonym)
Gobiodon erythrophaios Bleeker, 1856
Gobiodon citrinus Klunzinger, 1871
Gobiodon citrinus Gunther, 1877
Gobiodon citrinus Day, 1889
Pseudogobiodon citrinus Jordan and Seale, 1906
Gobiodon quinquestrigatus M. Weber, 1913
Gobiodon hypselopterus de Beaufort, 1913
Gobiodon citrinus McCulloch and Ogilby, 1919
Gobiodon hypselopterus Herre, 1927
Gobiodon citrinus Fowler, 1928
Gobiodon citrinus Koumans, 1941

Common Name (s)
• Citron Goby (English)
• Poison Goby (English)
• Reendumurukka Mas (Mahl)
• Lemon Goby
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Aquarium
Produces toxic mucus)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Island (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Herler, J and Hilgers, H (2005) A synopsis of coral and coral-rock associated gobies (Pisces: Gobiidae) from the Gulf of Aqaba, northern Red Sea Aqua (Miradolo Terme) 10(3)
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Koumans, FP (1953) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 10 423 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1866/1/Article_04.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-08

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