Gomphosus coeruleus   Lacepede,  1801 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Labridae

Image copyrights: aquaguide.net

Description
Size: 25.5 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens dark purple brown. Dorsal and anal yellow, the tip of last ray of both deep brown. Caudal yellow, but the outer rays very dark brown. Pectorals purple brown at base, deepening into dark brown distally, the outer border grayish. Another specimens is brown, each scale of body with a basal dark spot. A spot at base of dorsal, last ray of dorsal and two posterior anal rays, upper and lower lobe of caudal, axil spot of pectorals, band through that fin and tip of ventrals, black. In life these black marking were as described, but the color of the animal was dark greenish blue, scales with a black center, fins verditer blue.

Height 3.8-3.9, 4.5-4.7 in length with caudal. Head 2.4-2.5, 2.8-3 in length with caudal. Eye 8.7-9.4, 4.5-5.2 in snout and 1.3-1.4 in somewhat convex inter orbital space. Mouth not reaching half way snout. Lips thick, plated. Conical somewhat hooked teeth in a single series in both jaws. Two hooked canines anteriorly in the upper jaw. In the lower jaw the six front teeth are somewhat larger than the others and somewhat directed forwards. 9-10 scales before dorsal. Dorsal spines shorter than eye. Soft dorsal much higher. First anal spine minute, hidden in the skin. Third spine not much longer than second, equal to eye. Soft anal similar to soft dorsal, pointed behind. Pectorals slightly falcate, as long as head without snout. Ventrals pointed, equal to post orbital part of head. Caudal semilunate, the lobes pointed.


Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Gomphosus coeruleus Lacepede 1802
Acarauna longirostris Sevastianof 1803
Gomphosus ornatus Bennett 1830
Gomphosus viridis Bennett 1830
Gomphosus coeruleus Cuvier and Valenciennes 1839
Gomphosus coeruleus Bleeker 1862
Gomphosus caeruleus Gunther 1862
Gomphosus coeruleus Klunzinger 1871
Gomphosus caeruleus Day 1877
Gomphosus coeruleus Barnard 1927
Gomphosus caeruleus Fowler 1936
Gomphosus caeruleus Day 1878

Common Name (s)
• Hibbaruhikkae
• Chulam
• Erachichulam
• Bird Wrasse
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• SRI LANKA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rouphael, T; Turak, E and Jon, B Seagrasses and mangroves of Yemen's Red Sea 41-89
  • Rodney, J (1985) Population fluctuations in some ornamental fishes and invertebrates off Sri Lanka Proceedings of the symposium on endangered marine animals and marine parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 1 355-366 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2003) Habitat distribution and species diversity of coral reef fishes in the reefslope of the Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 88-98 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Aqua Guide Available at - www.aquaguide.net
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-05

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