Lophodiodon calori   (Bianconi,  1854) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 30.0 cm SL

Color: Brownish on back becoming white below. Corner of mouth dark, a blackish bar below eye and one in front of gill opening; an elongate median black blotch edged yellow on nape, another median blotch before dorsal and one above pectoral, dorsal in a similar black blotch. Most of the spines on back and sides with a black spot at base. Fins yellowish.

Head 2.6-2.7 in standard length, 3.00-3.15 in total length. Eye diameter 3.8-4.4 in head, 1.3-1.5 in snout and 2.7-3.2 in slightly concave interorbital space. Jaws without median suture. Nasal organ a compressed tube with a pair of lateral openings. Pectoral fin shorter than half length of head. Longest dorsal rays 1.5 eye diameter, longest anal rays 1.7-1.8 eye diameter. Spines stiff; those in front of head erectile and two rooted, rest of the spines three rooted. 3 or 4 spines above each eye. 17 to 20 series of spines between snout and dorsal origin. Spines shorter than eye diameter except a few behind base of pectoral, these being as long as eye diameter.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: ii, 12-13; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: ii, 12; number of rays in the pectoral fin: i, 22-23.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Diodon calori Bianconi, 1854
(Senior synonym)
Lophodiodon nigropunctatus Smith, 1957
(Junior synonym)
Diodon calori Bianconi, 1855
Lophodiodon calori Smith, 1949

Common Name (s)
• Four Bar Porcupinefish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Benthic, Pelagic, Reef Associated, Demersal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Hard shelled invertebrates


• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Lamberth, SJ; Clark, BM and Bennet, BA (1995) Seasonality of beach seine catches in False Bay, South Africa and implications for management South African Journal of Marine Science 15 157 - 167 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-20

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