Macropharyngodon meleagris   (Valenciennes,  1839) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 14.4-15 cm. SL

Color: Generally pinkish brown. Head somewhat violet with yellowish bands and spots bordered by brown. Two bands from eye to interorbital space and another posterior to these two. One band from eye to corner of mouth. An oblique band on preopercle passing below eye to upper part of opercle. A curved band on opercle and a few spots on cheek. Central part of scales brown and posterior part light and hence the body appears spotted and sometimes with longitudinal bands anteriorly. A blue-black spot at isthmus. Dorsal and anal light with a narrow submarginal brown line. A dark blotch between 1st and 3rd dorsal spines. Dorsal with a row of semicircular light blotches, with brown edges along the base and a row of oblong spots in the middle, sometimes uniting to form a wavy band. A black blotch between 8th and 10th dorsal rays in young specimens. Anal with semicircular spots at the base and an undulating band in the middle. A brown patch at the base of pectoral. Dorsal and ventral edge of caudal brownish, rest of the fin lighter with 5-6 rows of spots edged brown.

Head 3.1-3.3 in standard length, 3.7-3.9 in total length. Depth of body 2.9-3.1 in standard length, 3.5-3.7 in total length. Teeth in a single series in jaws. Two pairs of canines in jaws; the anterior pair in upper jaw directed obliquely forwards and the posterior pair curved backwards; canines in lower jaw directed forwards. A canine at corner of mouth. Pectoral fin longer than postorbital part of head. Lateral line continuous. Mouth small, horizontal. Maxillary not reaching to below anterior nostril. Head entirely naked, only a few scales before dorsal, these scales smaller than those of the body. Similar small scales behind isthmus. Dorsal spines pungent, with a fleshy prolongation. First spine equal ti eye, last equal to snout. Soft dorsal not higher than spinous part, somewhat pointed behind. First anal spine minute, third longest, slightly shorter than snout. Soft anal similar to soft dorsal. Pectorals equal to post orbital part of head (with opercular flap), ventrals without produced rays slightly more than snout and eye together.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 11; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 11; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 10; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 27-29; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+9.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Halichoeres nigropunctatus Seale, 1901
(Junior synonym)
Julis meleagris Valenciennes, 1839
(Senior synonym)
Leptojulis pardalis Kner, 1867
(Junior synonym)
Macropharyngodon negrosensis (non Herre, 1932)
(Misapplied name)
Macropharyngodon pardalis (Kner, 1867)
(Junior synonym)
Platyglossus nigromaculatus Gunther, 1872
(Junior synonym)
Wetmorella nigropunctata (Seale, 1901)
(Junior synonym)
Macropharyngodon meleagris de Beaufort, 1940
Julis (Halichoeres) geoffroyi Bleeker, 1856
Macropharyngodon geoffroyi Bleeker, 1862
Platyglossus geoffroyi Gunther, 1862
Macropharyngodon meleagris Jordan and Seale, 1906
Macropharyngodon meleagris Gunther, 1909
Platyglossus meleagris M. Weber, 1913
Macropharyngodon geoffroyi Fowler and Bean, 1928
Halichoeres meleagris P. J. Schmidt, 1930
Macropharyngodon meliagris (Valenciennes, 1839)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium, ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Gastropods and detritus


• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini Island (Lat: 11.08) (Long: 72.75) INDIA (Record: 03/1954)
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Read, CI; Bellwood, DR and Herwerden, LV (2006) Ancient origins of Indo Pacific coral reef fish biodiversity: A case study of the leopard wrasses (Labridae: Macropharyngodon) Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution Elsevier 38 808-819 Available at -
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Balan, V (1958) Notes on a visit to certain islands of the Laccadive Archipelago, with special reference to fisheries Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 55 (2) 297-306 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-09

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