Hemiramphus marginatus   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Hermosa, Jr., G.V.

Size: Max length 26.0 cm SL (male/unsexed)

Color: Greenish brown, darker above becoming whitish below. Dorsal pale to dusky, anterior rays darker. Caudal fin border dusky. Pectoral, ventral and anal fins hyaline.

Entire head 2.2-2.4 in standard length, 2.8-2.9 in total length. Head from tip of upper jaw to margin of opercular flap 3.2-3.4 in trunk. Body strongly compressed, breadth of body 1.5-1.7 in its depth. Depth of body 8.0-8.5 in standard length, 9.0-10.0 in total length. Length of lower jaw beyond tip of upper jaw 3.8-4.2 in standard length. Eye diameter 3.8-4.0 in head, 1.3 in snout and equal to interorbital space. Upper jaw broader than long. Origin of anal fin opposite to the 5th ray of dorsal fin. 36-39 predorsal scales. Length of base of anal fin 1.6-1.7 in base of dorsal fin. Pectoral fin 3/5 length of snout shorter than head. Ventral fin shorter than postorbital length of head. Origin of ventral fin twice nearer to base of caudal fin than to tip of snout. Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: ii, 11-12; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: ii, 9-10; number of rays in the pectoral fin: i, 10; number of spines and rays in the ventral fins: i, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 54-56; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 6 ½+1+1 ½.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Esox marginatus Forsskal, 1775
(Senior synonym)
Esox marginatus Forskal, 1775
Hemiramphus marginatus Smith and Smith, 1963
Hemirhamphus marginatus Weber and de Beaufort, 1922
Hemirhamphus marginatus (Forsskal, 1775)

Common Name (s)
• Barred Halfbeak (English)
• Komban
• Keram
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Pelagic


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Chandra, KJ (1983) Hanumantharaorhynchus hemirhamphi gen. et sp. nov., a new acanthocephalan from the marine fish Hemirhamphus marginatus Revista Iberica de Parasitologia 43(2) 119-124
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Amin, OM and Sey, O (1996) Acanthocephala from Arabian Gulf fishes off Kuwait, with descriptions of Neoechinorhynchus dimorphospinus sp. n. (Neoechinorhynchidae), Tegorhynchus holospinosus sp. n. (Illiosentidae), Micracanthorhynchina kuwaitensis sp. n. (Rhadinorhynchidae), and Slen Journal of the Helminthological Society of Washington 63(2) 201-210 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-08

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