Hirundichthys oxycephalus   (Bleeker,  1852) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Hermosa, Jr., G.V.

Size: Max length 18.0 cm SL (male/unsexed)

Color: Brownish above, pale or whitish below. Pectoral dark with a narrow hyaline hind border and an oblique lighter area on lower third of fin. Caudal dusky. Other fins hyaline; proximal part of anterior 3-4 rays of ventral slightly dusky.

Head 4.1-4.2 in standard length, 5.3-5.4 in total length. Depth of body 5.2-5.3 in standard length, 6.7-6.8 in total length. Breadth of body about 1.3 in its depth. Eye diameter 3.0-3.2 in head, 0.7 in snout and about 1.3 in interorbital space. Teeth small in a single series in jaws, palatines edentulous. Anal fin origin opposite to that of dorsal fin. Anal fin base 1.1-1.2 in base of dorsal fin. Pectoral fin reaching to end of dorsal fin base or a little farther. Ventral fin about equal to head, reaching to middle of base of anal fin or farther and inserted midway between gill opening and base of caudal fin or a little nearer to the former.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: 10-11; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: 10-11; number of rays in the pectoral fin: i, 15; number of spines and rays in the ventral fins: 6; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 49-51; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 7 ½ +1+2 ½ ; number of scales along the dorsal mid-line of the head and back, anterior to the origin of dorsal fin: 32-33; gill raker count: 7+20-21.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Cypselurus oxycephalus (Bleeker, 1852)
(Senior synonym)
Exocoetus oxycephalus Bleeker, 1852
(Senior synonym)
Hirundichthys affinis (non Gunther, 1886)
(Misapplied name)
Exocoetus oxycephalus Bleeker, 1852
Cypsilurus oxycephalus Weber and de Beaufort, 1922
Hirundichthys oxycephalus Jones and Kumaran, 1965

Common Name (s)
• Bony Flyingfish (English)
• Parava (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Pelagic


• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Arabian Sea INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1965) New records of fishes from the seas around India - Part II Journal of Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 7(1) 108-123 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/881/1/Article_11.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-13

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