Makaira nigricans   Lacepede,  1802 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Baumeier, E.

Size: Max length 500 cm TL (male/unsexed); 500 cm TL (female); common length 290 cm TL (male/unsexed)

Max. weight reported: 820 kg

Color: Dorsal surface of body dark purple, ventral surface dark brownish and the body completely with blackish tinge.

Head generally slightly more than 4 in total length. Snout 1.5 in head. Upper jaw more than twice length of lower jaw. Anterior lobe of first dorsal low, less than depth of body. Hind rays of first dorsal fin low. Pectoral fin not rigid and easily folding back against the side. Lateral line complicated, forming hexagonal branchings anteriorly; not easily discernible in adults. Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: III, 37-44; number of spines and rays in the second dorsal fin: 7; number of spines and rays in the first anal fin: II, 14; number of spines and rays in the second anal fin: 7; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 2.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Subripe ova are opaque, white to yellow, and 0.3 to 0.5 mm in diameter. Transparent spherical eggs flowing out of a ripe ovary measured 1 mm in diameter.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Makaira nigricans Lacepede, 1803
Makaira mazara Nakamura, 1955
Histiophorus herschelii (Gray, 1838)
(Junior synonym)
Makaira ampla (Poey, 1860)
(Junior synonym)
Makaira ampla ampla (Poey, 1860)
(Junior synonym)
Makaira bermudae Mowbray, 1931
(Junior synonym)
Makaira ensis (Lacepede, 1800)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Makaira herschelii (Gray, 1838)
(Junior synonym)
Makaira nigricans ampla (Poey, 1860)
(Junior synonym)
Makaira nigricans nigricans Lacepede, 1802
(Senior synonym)
Makaira perezi de Buen, 1950
(Junior synonym)
Orthocraeros bermudae (Mowbray, 1931)
(Junior synonym)
Tetrapturus amplus Poey, 1860
(Junior synonym)
Tetrapturus herschelii Gray, 1838
(Junior synonym)
Xiphias ensis Lacepede, 1800
(Ambiguous synonym)
Maikaira nigricans Lacepede, 1802

Common Name (s)
• Kopparaikulla (Tamil)
• Kopparai kuzha
• Atlantic Blue Marlin (English)
• Blue Marlin (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish. Marketed fresh or frozen.)

Habitat:  Pelagic
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes, octopods, squids/cuttlefish


• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin Coast (Lat: 8.78) (Long: 78.13) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Nakamura, I (1985) Billfishes of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of marlins, sailfishes, spearfishes and swordfishes known to date FAO Fisheries Synopsis 23743 Available at - ZOOR12200027680
  • Graves, JE and McDowell, JR (1995) Inter-ocean genetic divergence of istiophorid billfishes Marine Biology (Berlin) 122(2) 193-203 Available at - ZOOR13200030689
  • Cyr, EC; Dean, JM; Jehangeer, I and Nallee, M (1990) Age, growth, and reproduction of the blue marlin and black marlin from the Indian Ocean Marine Recreational Fisheries 13(2) 309-316 Available at - ZOOR12800022838
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-01-20

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