Malacanthus latovittatus   (Lacepede,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Malacanthidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 33-45 cm.

Color: Body is bluish in color, lower caudal rays black. In juveniles the black mid lateral band extends from tip of snout to caudal fin.

Elongate, compressed, dorsal and ventral profile evenly tapering to caudal, height of short trunk 6.33 or less in length, head 3.56 or somewhat less, conical, snout pointed twice in head and more than twice longer than eye, which goes about 5.5 in head, is situated in its middle, high up and more than 1 1/2 times shorter than flat inter orbital space measuring 3.3 in length of head. Mouth with broad, thick, fleshy lips and nearly horizontal gape, jaws equal, termination of upper jaw far distant from eye, its length thrice in head. Scales rounded, elongate on opercles and nape, square on superior part of trunk. Operculum with a strong flat spine, five to six branchiostegals. Teeth in jaws anteriorly pluriseriate, the outer series enlarged and more or less curved, continued in a single posterior series of conical ones, the middle ones highest, in the upper jaw terminating with a single isolated curved canine, vomer and palatines toothless. Dorsal beginning above origin of pectorals terminating near caudal, the rays about thrice lower than height of trunk, spinous part still lower, anal with the anterior rays highest, terminating below end of dorsal, caudal somewhat emarginate, with more or less pointed upper and lower tip, pectorals longer than half head, pointed, the rays of the upper third the longest, ventrals about twice length of eye, acute, the short spine osseous. Dorsal spines (total): 3-4, Dorsal soft rays (total): 43-47, Anal spines: 1, Anal soft rays: 37-40.

Dioecious with external fertilization.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Labrus latovittatus Lacepede, 1801
(Senior synonym)
Malacanthus taeniatus Valenciennes, 1839
(Junior synonym)
Malacanthus urichthys Fowler, 1904
(Junior synonym)
Oceanops latovittatus (Lacepede, 1801)
(Senior synonym)
Taenianotus latovittatus (Lacepede, 1802)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Labrus latovittatus Quoy and Gaimaird, 1834
Malacanthus taeniatus Bleeker, 1849
Malacanthus latovittatus Gunther, 1861
Malacanthus latovittatus Bleeker, 1863
Malacanthus latovittatus Gunther, 1876
Malacanthus latovittatus Bleeker, 1878
Malacanthus latovittatus Macleay, 1882
Malacanthus latovittatus Day, 1889
Malacanthus latovittatus Sauvage, 1891
Malacanthus urichthys Fowler, 1904
Oceanops latovittata Jordan and Seale, 1906
Oceanops latovittatus Snyder, 1912
Malacanthus latovittatus Herre, 1926
Malacanthus latovittatus Fowler, 1928
Labrus latovittatus Lacepede, 1802
Malacanthus latovittatus Day, 1888

Common Name (s)
• Blue Blanquillo (English)
• Striped Blanquillo (English)
• Nuhikkae (Mahl)
• Blue Blanquilio
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 11) (Long: 72.5) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at - www.coralcay.org
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Garpe, KC and Ohman, MC (2003) Coral and fish distribution patterns in Mafia Island marine park Tanzania fish habitat interactions Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers 498 191-211 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2007) Coral reef fish abundance and diversity of seagrass beds in Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Cochin 54 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2003) Habitat distribution and species diversity of coral reef fishes in the reefslope of the Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 88-98 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-18

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