Dendrophyllia indica   Pillai,  1969 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Dendrophylliidae

Image copyrights: A. Nithyanandam

Description
Wall of the corallites moderately porous at the top, dense below. Costae wavy, extending to the base, intercoastals spaces narrower than the costae. Spinulations on the costae small, rounded and scattered. Surface of the branches ridged, moderately porous, the ridges being supplied with 2-3 rows of granulations. It is characterised by an arborescent corallum with thick branches. Corallites projecting. Septa narrow and vertically descending with typical dendrophyllid fusion. columella conspicuous.


Synonym (s)
Dendrophyllia indica Pillai 1969

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)

Ecology

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thoothukkudi INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)
• West Coast INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)
• Orissa INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Coral reefs species in India Available at - http://envfor.nic.in/icrmn/species/species.html
  • Checklist of fish and invertebrates listed in the CITES appendices and in EC regulation no. 338/97 Available at - http://www.ukcites.gov.uk/pdf_files/FishInvertebrates6.pdf
  • Cairns, DS; Hoeksema, WB and Derland, JV (1999) List of extant stony corals Atoll Research Bulletin National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C, U. S. A 459 13-46 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Edward, JKP; Patterson, J; Venkatesh M; Mathews, G; Chellaram, C and Wilhelmsson D (2004) A field guide to stony corals (Scleractinia) of Tuticorin in Gulf of Mannar, southeast coast of India SDMRI special research publication no. 4 SDMRI, Tuticorin, India 80 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, CSG. (1983) Structure and generic diversity of recent scleractinia of India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India 25(1&2) 78-90 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Pillai, CSG (1969) Stony corals of the seas around India Proceedings of the Symposium on corals and coral reefs Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 191-216 Available at - NIO RC, Kochi
  • Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Pillai, CSG and Jasmine, S (1995) Scleractinian corals of the erstwhile Travancore Coast (Southwest of India) Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine Biological Association of India 37 (1-2) 109-125 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/634/1/Gopi_109-125.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-02-16

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