Nephropsis stewarti   Wood-Mason,  1872 (Lobster)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Nephropidae

Image copyrights: FAO

Description
Size: Male - Body length 67 to 113 mm; carapace length 19 to 31 mm.
Female - Body length 58 to 158 mm; carapace length 17 to 54 mm.

Weight: 3.5 to 21 g (male); 3.8 to 54 g (female).

Color: generally pink or red, rather variable.

A small lobster. Body cylindrical, pubescent; carapace granular, with a well developed median rostrum armed with 1 pair of lateral spines; a single spine behind each eye. Eyes very small, lacking pigment; antennae long and whip-like; antennal scales absent. Tail powerful, without a dorsal ridge; with a well developed fan, the outer blade of which shows a transverse fissure; pleura (lateral projections) of second abdominal segment triangular, without spines on front edge. First 3 pairs of legs ending in true pincers, the first pair rather stout with short, very hairy (woolly) fingers.

Males are heavier than females of the same length.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Lobsters (English)
• Indian Ocean Lobsterette (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Muddy
Predator:  Finfish (Galeus nipponensis)

Biogeography


• Off North Kerala INDIA (Record: 2000-2006) (Depth: 250-500 mts)
• South Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2000-2006) (Depth: 250-500 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • (2001) Invertebrate zoology collections Available at - http://goode.si.edu/mcs/iz/Query.php
  • Groeneveld, JC and MelvilleSmith, R (1995) Spatial and temporal availability in the multispecies crustacean trawl fishery along the east coast of South Africa and southern Mocambique, 1988-1993 South African Journal of Marine Sciences 15 123 - 136 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kensley, B (1981) On the Zoogeography of Southern Afrian Decapod Crustacea, with a distributional checklist of the species Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 338 23377 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Dineshbabu, AP (2008) Morphometric relationship and fishery of Indian Ocean lobsterette, Nephropsis stewarti Wood-Mason 1873 along the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 113-116 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM
  • Thomas, MM (1979) On a collection of deep sea decapod crustaceans from the gulf of Mannar Journal of marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 21(1&2) 41-44 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-05-18

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