Goniopora somaliensis   Vaughan  1907 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Hexacorallia
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Poritidae

Description
Color: Usually grey or brown, often with polyps and surrounding tissue of contrasting color

Colonies are thick or thin encrusting plates, sometimes over 2 m across, with shallow calices forming a smooth surface. Corallites are 3-5 mm diameter. Polyps are short, giving colonies a carpet-like appearance, but are often retracted during the day.

Similar species: Goniopora polyformis, which does not form big colonies and has irregular upgrowths. Alveopora spongiosa may have a similar growth-form and coloration.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Anemone Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Dustfood, plankton
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• MADAGASCAR

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Sheppard, C and Obura, D (2005) Corals and reefs of Cosmoledo and Aldabra atolls: Extent Journal of Natural History Taylor and Francis Ltd 39(2) 103-121 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Veron, JEN (1986) Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • Reeflex Available at - http://www.reeflex.net/
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 3 490 pp Available at - NIO, Goa


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